Who Are The "Gentiles"
Mentioned In The New Testament?
Most people think a "gentile" is anybody who is not Israelite. However, in the Old Testament, the word "gentile" comes from one word "goy" found 557 times in the Old Testament and translated "NATION" 373 times, "HEATHEN" 142 times, "GENTILE" 30 times, "PEOPLE" 11 times and "ANOTHER" once. It is never translated "NON-ISRAELITE." Therefore "goy" can refer to Israelites!
For instance, speaking to Abraham in Genesis 12:2, God says, "I will make of thee a great nation" (goy). The word "goy" refers to ISRAELITES here. In Genesis 17:4-5 we read that Abraham "shall be the father of many nations" (goy). The word "goy" refers to both ISRAELITE and non-Israelite nations here. In Genesis 25:23 God said to Rebekah, "two nations (goy) are in your womb." The word "goy" refers to an ISRAELITE and a non-Israelite nation here. Regarding Abraham, Genesis 48:49 says, "his seed shall become a multitude of nations" (goy). Again the meaning is ISRAELITE and non-Israelite.
In the New Testament the word "gentile" comes from two words: "ethnos" and "hellen."
"Ethnos" is found 164 times and is translated "GENTILE" 93 times, "NATION" 64 times, "HEATHEN" 5 times and "PEOPLE" 2 times. It is never translated "NON-ISRAELITE." Therefore "ethnos" can refer to Israelite people.
For instance, in Luke 7:5, "He (the centurion) loveth our nation" (ethnos). The word "ethnos" here means ISRAEL. In John 11:48 the chief priests and Pharisees said "the Romans will come and take our place and our nation" (ethnos). The word "ethnos" means ISRAEL. In Acts 24:17 Paul returned to Jerusalem and said, "I came to bring alms to my nation" (ethnos). The word "ethnos" again means ISRAEL.
In the New Testament the word "Hellen" occurs 32 times and is translated "GREEK" 26 times and "GENTILE" 6 times. It is never translated "NON-ISRAELITE." Therefore "Hellen" can also refer to Israelite people.
For instance, John 7:35 says, "will He go to the DISPERSED among the gentiles ("hellen"), and teach the gentiles" ("hellen"). The word "hellen" here must mean ISRAELITE Greeks in the second instance because Christ said, "I am not sent but unto the LOST SHEEP of the house of ISRAEL" (Matt.15:24). First Corinthians 10:32 says, "Give none offense, neither to the JEWS, nor the gentiles ("hellen"), nor to the church of God." "Hellen" could mean ISRAELITE or non-Israelite here. Paul was writing a letter to the Corinthians in Greece and there were three types of people who lived there. In Romans 1:16 and 2:9-10 we find the phrase "to the JEW first, and also to the gentile" used three times. In each case it should be translated "to the JEW first, and also to the Greek" ("Hellen"). "Hellen" means ISRAELITE here.
In the Old Testament the subject was the "House of JUDAH" and the "House of ISRAEL." In the New Testament the subject is "JEW" and "GREEK." Why GREEK? Why not Chinese, African, or Indian? Because many of the DISPERSED ISRAELITES were living in GREECE! God commanded Amos to "Go, Prophesy unto my people ISRAEL" (Amos 7:14-15) -- not "gentiles." God commissioned Micah "to declare ... to ISRAEL his sin" (Micah 3:8). Ezekiel was told, "Son of man, I send thee to the children of ISRAEL" (Ez.2:3). Christ said, "I was not sent but unto the LOST SHEEP of the HOUSE of ISRAEL" (Matt.15:24). Christ told his disciples, "Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter not; But go, rather, to the LOST SHEEP of the HOUSE of ISRAEL" (Matt.10:5-6).
When the New Testament speaks of the "ELECT" and the "fore-ordained," the Old Testament defines these terms as ISRAEL. "YOU ONLY have I known of ALL the FAMILIES of the EARTH" (Amos 3:2). "And I will bring forth a seed out of JACOB, and out of JUDAH an inheritor of My mountains: and mine ELECT shall inherit, and My servants shall dwell there" (Isa. 65:9-10). Therefore the GREEKS must have been ISRAELITES.
In 1 Maccabees 12:20-22 we read that the SPARTANS and JEWS are both ABRAHAM'S children. Josephus repeats this episode and adds an important detail: "Areus, King of the Lacedemonians, to Onias, sendeth greeting ... we have discovered that both the JEWS and the Lacedemonians (SPARTANS) are of one stock, and are derived from the kindred of ABRAHAM ... This letter is four-square; and the seal is an EAGLE, with a DRAGON in his claws"(Ant.12:4:10). That is the tribal emblem of DAN! We know that the beautiful Greek sculptures are of CAUCASIAN human forms. GREECE was originally Japhetic, but later at the time of Plato, Aristotle and Alexander the Great it was CAUCASIAN. This is where many of the missing Israelites went. Also in Josephus' Antiquities 14:10:22 we read that the ancestors of the city of PERGAMUS were always FRIENDS to the JEWS even in the time of Abraham (see also Ant.13:5:8 & Wars 1:26:1). The "DISPERSED among the GREEKS" (John 7:35) had to be ISRAELITES. See also 2 Esdras 13:40-45. All Greeks were called "DANAANS" by Homer (Strabo 12:8:7) even though many were merely PELEG'S branch (Strabo 8:6:9) and not necessarily DANITE Israel. Herodotus 5:58 says "the Phoenicians (Israelites) who came with Cadmus ... introduced into Greece ... a great variety of arts, among the rest that of WRITING ... Now the Greeks who dwelt about those parts at that time were chiefly Ionians (Javan -- Ez. 27:19)." No wonder the names of the letters of the Greek alphabet are almost identical to the Hebrew. Aleph became Alpha, Beth became Beta, Gimel became Gamma, Daleth became Delta. Anciently the two alphabets looked almost identical (p.14, Waddell's Aryan Origin Of The Alphabet).
According to the rabbis, the ten tribes migrated beyond the River SAMBATYON that only flows six days a week (Genesis Rabba 11:5). This phenomenon is characteristic of the Bosporus due to southwest winds that cause the water to pile up about once a week. Strabo noticed this phenomenon too (Geog. 1:3:12). Thus the SAMBATYON is the YAM BITHYON (Sea of Bithynia). The ancient Hebrew letters "Y" and "S" both had a vertical stroke and three horizontal strokes. This means Israel was in GREECE.
According to Joel 3:4-8, TYRE sold part of JUDAH to GREECE in slavery. God prophesied that these GREEK JEWS would REPAY TYRE by selling their children. This actually happened when SPARTA (JEWISH) was led by Alexander the Great on his Persian expedition. He demolished old TYRE and with the rubble built a causeway to reach the island of New TYRE. Thirty thousand TYRIANS were sold as slaves to SHEBA. But the point is this prophecy required JEWS to be living in GREECE.
Christ "came unto his own (JEWS); and his own (JEWS) received him not" (John 1:11). Christ prophesied regarding this nation of Jews by saying "Let no fruit grow on thee henceforward forever. And presently the fig tree withered away" (Matt.21:19). His interpretation is, "The Kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof" (Matt.21:43). This is why it is so hard for Jews to believe in Yeshua the Messiah. "His CITIZENS (JEWS) hated him" but his "TEN SERVANTS" were more profitable (Luke 19:11-27). These "TEN VIRGINS" (Matt.25) or "TEN PIECES of SILVER" (Luke 15:8) or "TEN LEPERS" (Luke 17:12) all refer to the TEN LOST TRIBES. The Kingdom of God (New Testament gospel) was given to LOST ISRAEL.
Christ said, "Other sheep I have, that are not of this fold (LOST TEN TRIBES); them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice" (John 10:16). Jesus said, "I am not sent but to the LOST SHEEP of the house of ISRAEL" (Matt.15:24). Israel is "a SCATTERED SHEEP" (Jer.50:17).
Christ told his disciples, "go not in the way of the gentiles, and in the cities of the Samaritans enter not, but go ye rather to the LOST SHEEP of the house of ISRAEL" (Matt.10:6). This is the other fold "because he would KEEP the OATH which he had sworn unto your fathers (because of their obedience to God)" (Deut.7:7-8). It was an UNCONDITIONAL promise to help Abraham's physical descendants (Caucasians) (Gen.12:2-3; 22:17-18).
The apostle James obeyed Christ and wrote his epistle "to the TWELVE TRIBES which are SCATTERED abroad, greetings" (James 1:1). Peter also obeyed Christ and wrote "to the strangers (SOJOURNERS) SCATTERED throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia (Minor), and Bithynia, Elect according to the foreknowledge of God" (1 Pet. 1:1-2). These are all areas of TURKEY. The RSV says "To the EXILES of the DISPERSION." Peter was the "apostle to the circumcision" (Gal.2:7). These must have therefore been areas of ISRAELITE settlements. What "dispersion?" The Assyrian captivity and deportation of ISRAEL beginning in 745 B.C. In 1 Peter 1:3 Peter tells the "strangers" of northern Turkey that "God ... according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us AGAIN." But why say "AGAIN" if they were not previously HIS PEOPLE? In 1 Peter 2:9-10, Peter applies the "kingdom of priests" and "holy nation" of Exodus 19:6 and the "Lo-ammi" and "sons of the Living God" of Hosea 1:9-10 -- which all refer to ISRAELITES -- to these "strangers" of northern Turkey. He calls them "a CHOSEN generation, a ROYAL PRIESTHOOD, an HOLY NATION, a PECULIAR people" (1 Pet. 2:9). Peter quotes from Hosea who called ISRAEL "unpitied" and "not my people" (1:6,9) when he says, "Who in time past were NOT A PEOPLE ("divorced" "scattered" "lost") but are now the people of God; who had NOT OBTAINED MERCY but now have obtained mercy" (1 Pet. 2:10). This proves he was talking to the LOST TEN TRIBES -- not Jews or gentiles.
Paul in 1 Corinthians 10:1-2 says "BRETHREN ... ALL OUR FATHERS were under the cloud and all passed through the sea; and were all baptised unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea." Paul's epistle to the ROMANS is addressed to "the CALLED of Jesus Christ" (Rom.1:6), but that same Jesus Christ had said that he "was not sent but unto the LOST SHEEP of the house of ISRAEL" (Matt.15:24). The supreme ROMAN God was called JOVE (or Jupiter). The proper pronunciation of JOVE is "YO-VEY" which is a variation of "YAHWEH." Paul, the apostle to the "uncircumcised" (Gal.2:7), visited "uncircumcised" ISRAELITES (Acts 9:15). Notice that Paul wrote to the uncircumcised Romans,"Abraham OUR father as pertaining to the flesh" (Rom.4:1) and "Abraham, who is the father of US all" (Rom.4:16), so these Romans were of Abraham. They were not Africans or Chinese. In Acts 13:46 he said to the Jews, "It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you; but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the gentiles" (nations of ISRAELITES). Paul wrote the book of HEBREWS to HEBREWS. He spoke to his audience in the HEBREW language in Acts 21:40. Paul was the apostle to the gentiles (nations of ISRAEL) who were pagan or "uncircumcised" in religion and had completed his mission (Acts 9:15) to them thoroughly by the time of his death (2 Tim.4:7) and had visited all of them. They must have been the LOST TEN TRIBES of ISRAEL. He never went to China, India or Africa. He only went to Greece, Illyrica (Balkans), Tarshish (Spain), Rome, and Asia Minor (Turkey) according to the Bible where SCATTERED Israelites lived. From Babylon, Daniel wrote, "to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto all ISRAEL that are near, and that are FAR OFF, through ALL THE COUNTRIES whither thou hast driven them" (Dan.9:7). Jeremiah 30:11 mentions "ALL NATIONS to which I have scattered thee." The Austrian Chronicle, a middle-ages documentary, says the first people to settle in Austria were ABRAHAM'S descendants. Paul followed Christ's advice who said, "Go not from house to house"(Luke 10:7). Instead, "Paul dwelt two whole years in his own hired house, and received all that came in unto him" (Acts 28:30). The only time he went "from house to house" (Acts 20:20) was to visit with the converted "elders" (20:17).
Paul wrote Romans 9-11, which is the section concerning salvation of "gentiles," not to gentiles, but to ISRAELITES. This becomes plain in Romans 9:25 where Paul quotes Hosea 1:10 which refers to the "House of ISRAEL," not gentiles. Paul says there is no difference between JEW and GREEK in Romans 10:12 so this verse also indicates he is talking about TWO ISRAELITE PEOPLES. Finally, the OLIVE TREE Paul mentions in these chapters is a symbol of the House of ISRAEL and the House of JUDAH (Jer.11:16-17) -- not "heathen" nations . A WILD OLIVE TREE is still an OLIVE TREE (Rom. 11:17). It's just "UNCIRCUMCISED." The Greek of Romans 11:25, translated "the fulness of the Gentiles" is the exact equivalent of the words of Jacob in Genesis 48:19 Iin which Ephraim should become and is becoming a "multitude of nations."