Was Jesus A High Priest?
John the Baptist's father was the priest Zecharias, of the course of Abias, or Abijah, the eighth course of the Levite priesthood (1 Chr. 24:10; Luke 1:5); his mother was "of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elisabeth" (Luke 1:5). Elisabeth was also COUSIN to the virgin Mary (Luke 1:36), who was descended from Judah's House of David. Therefore the two families had intermarried -- Levi and Judah -- the House of David with the House of Aaron.
Now Phinehas was promised an "EVERLASTING PRIESTHOOD" (Nu. 25:12-13; Ezra 8:2; 1 Esdras 5:5; Ps. 106:30-31; Ecclesiasticus 45:24-25). Yet with the murder of Aristobulus, the last of the Asmonians, by Herod the Great, the Aaronic succession was nullified. "Herod made men of low birth high priests, deposed them at his will, and named others in their room" (Smith's Dict. of the Bible, art. "High Priest"). So how did God keep his promise to Phinehas? He sent his Messiah "an high priest ... by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place" (Heb. 9:11-12). The KINGSHIP and PRIESTHOOD were MERGED in JESUS. As Paul said, "the priesthood being changed (merged into Judah), there is made of necessity a change also of the law ... For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of JUDAH" (Heb. 7:12). But Josephus says in Antiquities 12:4:1-2 that a daughter of the LEVITE high priest Simon the Just married Mattathias II (Tobias), whose Aaronic son by her was Joseph (Luke 3:24-25) the ancestor of Jesus the Messiah. Therefore Jesus was Aaronic on his father's side. The Virgin Mary's mother was Hanna who was "the daughter of noble parents who offered up offerings before God Almighty, and who were LEVITES belonging to the priesthood" (Legends of Our Mary the Perpetual Virgin and her mother Hanna, translated from the Ethiopic manuscripts collected by King Theodore at Makdala, and now in the British Museum, by Sir Wallis Budge; 1922, p.13) The Koran adds that Zecharias had married Mary's mother's sister (ch. 3) who was "of the daughters of AARON" (Luke 1:5) which would make Jesus Aaronic on his mother's side also. The Book of the Cave of Treasures, attributed to Ephraim the Syrian (c.306-373 A.D.), contains a geneology of Christ which says, "Abiud (Matt. 1:13) took to wife Zakhyath, the daughter of Joshua, the son of Yozadak, the PRIEST, and begot by her Eliakim" (Sir Wallis Budge's translation, 1927, p.194). (Josedec, 1 Esdras 5:5, 48,56; 6:2; 9:19; Ecclesiasticus 49:12, father of Joshua the high priest of Josephus).
The son of Joseph of Arimathea -- Jesus' uncle -- married into the Trojan family of British kings and produced King Arthur, Galahad and Lancelot who descended into the Tudors. Owain Tudor traces his geneology back from Anna, cousin of the "Virgin Mary." A second line of this geneology ascends through Owain's mother Elen up to Constantine the Great. It is interesting that the Tudor heraldic arms portray the "portcullis" which, with its twelve squares, resembles the golden breastplate of the high priest Therefore it was appropriate that the Tudors were the first family in England to head both church and state. The Tudors joined with the Stuarts, of the Scottish and Irish royal lines; and thus Davidic and Aaronic descent has come into the Royal House of Britain, which so appropriately provides the head of both church and state in the United Kingdom.