Do You Have an Immortal Soul?
Only God is immortal (1 Tim.6:16). Man became a living soul ("nephesh" Gen.2:7) or life capable of dying
Shortly after the creation of the first two humans, God allowed Satan to tempt them. Eve told the devil that she and Adam were instructed not to eat or touch any of the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil or they would DIE (Genesis 3:2-3). Satan's response was that they would NOT die (verse 4)! Now, IF man were given an immortal soul that lives on after death - meaning that he continues to live except in another form - then the devil told Eve something TRUE! However, if humans did NOT possess something that remains conscious after death, something that was immortal, then the devil LIED to Eve regarding the consequences of taking the forbidden fruit.
Here is something more to consider. After his creation had sinned, God's justification for casting them out of the Garden was "lest he (Adam and Eve who had just rejected God's way of life) put out his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live FOREVER " (Genesis 3:22).
If, however, Adam and Eve did not possess something that allowed them to live forever, then God's concern about them acquiring this ability is justified. He did not want his greatest creation, in a rebellious state of mind, to exist forever in unhappiness and misery.
Humans, simply by virtue of their birth, do not possess ANYTHING that is immortal. The Bible is crystal clear that the ability to live forever is a gift from God to those who live a life obedient to him (1Corinthians 15:50-55, 2Timothy 1:9-10, Romans 2:7, 6:23, etc.).
The word "immortal" is used only once in the entire Bible in translations such as the NKJV, NIV, NASB and others. It is found in 1Timothy 1:17 where it is used to refer to one of God's (not man's) attributes. The original Greek word from which we get it is aphthartos (Strong's Concordance #G862). It occurs only six other times (Romans 1:23, 1Corinthians 9:25, 15:52, 1Peter 1:4, 23, 3:4) and is usually translated as 'incorruptible,' meaning something that can never decay or perish, something that endures.
The attribute of having immortality is NEVER applied in the Bible to anything the average human possesses RIGHT NOW on planet earth.
The Bible does not teach man has or possesses a soul (let alone one that is immortal), but rather that man in his entirety IS a SOUL! Psuche (Strong's #G5590) is a Greek word that is virtually equivalent to the word nephesh in the Hebrew. It is the only New Testament word translated as "soul." It generally means a living, breathing creature, but also adds the implication of being a 'living' creature.
Unfortunately, studying the idea of a soul in the New Testament is complicated by the inconsistency of Bible translations. For example, the NKJV renders the Greek word psuche TWO different ways in two verses. In Matthew 16:25, psuche is translated as the English word LIFE. In the next verse, psuche is translated as the word SOUL!
The same translation error is also committed by the NIV, NASB, NLT and others for the same verses. More accurate translations like the NRSV, HCSB, HBFV and other consistently use the word 'life' for all four occurrences of psuche in Matthew 16:25-26.
What is man?