Do You Have an IMMORTAL Soul?
Only God is immortal (1 Tim.6:16). Man became a living soul ("nephesh" Gen.2:7) or life capable of dying (Ez.18:4,20). "Soul" just means "life" in Matthew 10:28. The "souls under the altar" (Rev.6:9-11) are figuratively refering to blood poured out under the altar when a sacrifice was made (Lev.4:7) and just as Abel's blood cried out symbolically (Gen.4:10), so does this blood cry out. But a man's thoughts perish when he dies (Ps.146:4). Even though man and beast both return to dust when they die (Eccl.3:20), the "spirit of man" (Job 32:8; Zech.12:1) returns to God (Eccl.12:7). This is not an immortal soul. Instead it is what makes him more intelligent than animals (1 Cor.2:11). Satan has deceived people (Rev.12:9) into thinking "You shall not surely die" (Gen.2:4). Why is death spoken of as "sleep" from which we awaken at a resurrection (Dan.12:2; Matt.27:52) if we're already immortal?
Shortly after the creation of the first two humans, God allowed Satan to tempt them. Eve told the devil that she and Adam were instructed not to eat or touch any of the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil or they WOULD DIE (Genesis 3:2-3). Satan's response was that they WOULD NOT DIE (verse 4)! Now, IF man were given an immortal soul that lives on after death - meaning that he continues to live except in another form - then the devil told Eve something TRUE! However, if humans did NOT possess something that remains conscious after death, something that was immortal, then the devil LIED to Eve regarding the consequences of taking the forbidden fruit.
Here is something more to consider. After his creation had sinned, God's justification for casting them out of the Garden was "lest he (Adam and Eve who had just rejected God's way of life) put out his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and LIVE FOREVER " (Genesis 3:22).
If, however, Adam and Eve did not possess something that allowed them to LIVE FOREVER, then God's concern about them acquiring this ability is justified. He did not want his greatest creation, in a rebellious state of mind, to LIVE FOREVER in unhappiness and misery.
Humans, simply by virtue of their birth, do not possess ANYTHING that is immortal. The Bible is crystal clear that the ability to live forever is a GIFT from God to those who live a life obedient to him (1Corinthians 15:50-55, 2Timothy 1:9-10, Romans 2:7, 6:23, etc.).
The word "IMMORTAL" is used only once in the entire Bible in translations such as the NKJV, NIV, NASB and others. It is found in 1Timothy 1:17 where it is used to refer to one of GOD'S (not man's) ATTRIBUTES. The original Greek word from which we get it is aphthartos (Strong's Concordance #G862). It occurs only six other times (Romans 1:23, 1Corinthians 9:25, 15:52, 1Peter 1:4, 23, 3:4) and is usually translated as 'incorruptible,' meaning something that can never decay or perish, something that endures.
The attribute of having immortality is NEVER applied in the Bible to anything the average HUMAN possesses RIGHT NOW on planet earth.
The Bible does not teach man has or possesses a soul (let alone one that is immortal), but rather that MAN in his entirety IS A SOUL! Psuche (Strong's #G5590) is a Greek word that is virtually equivalent to the word nephesh in the Hebrew. It is the only New Testament word translated as "soul." It generally means a living, breathing creature, but also adds the implication of being a 'living' creature.
Unfortunately, studying the idea of a soul in the New Testament is complicated by the inconsistency of Bible translations. For example, the NKJV renders the Greek word psuche TWO different ways in two verses. In Matthew 16:25, psuche is translated as the English word LIFE. In the next verse, psuche is translated as the word SOUL!
The same translation error is also committed by the NIV, NASB, NLT and others for the same verses. More accurate translations like the NRSV, HCSB, HBFV and other consistently use the word 'life' for all four occurrences of psuche in Matthew 16:25-26.
What is man? The Bible defines Man as a living being, life, etc. that is MORTAL. Man has never had an immortal soul that allows him to live past death. The only means by which man can have IMMORTALITY is to repent of his sins, accept Jesus as his Savior, become baptized and receive God's spirit, then OBEY the Bible and live a life of overcoming until death.
The Spirit in Man Doesn't Die
Abraham "was gathered to his people" (Gen. 25:8). "Aaron shall be gathered to his people" (Num. 20:24) but we know Abraham's body was buried in the cave of Machpelah, where none of his forefathers were buried. And Aaron was buried on Mount Hor in isolation (Num. 27:13). Moses was told to "Die in the mount whither thou goest up, and be gathered to thy people" (ibid). Joshua and the elders of his time (Judges 2:8-10), David (Acts 13:36), and Josiah (2 Ki. 22:20) also were gathered. Ishmael (Gen. 25:17), Isaac (Gen. 35:29) and Jacob (Gen. 49:29-33) also. These were all lonely graves, so the meaning must be that their spirits are gathered "to the house appointed for all living" (Job 30:23) or "to the general assembly of the firstborn, of the spirits of just men made perfect" (Heb. 12:23) -- referring to the disembodied spirits. As Ecclesiastes 12:7 says, "Then the dust will return to the earth as it was, And the spirit will RETURN to God who gave it." As Psalm 146:4 says, "His spirit DEPARTS, he returns to his earth; In that very day his plans perish." "But the (ungodly) rich man shall lie down, (or die) But he shall NOT be gathered (to his fathers) He openeth his eyes (in hades) and is not" (Job 27:19).
Regarding the resurrection, "Death is swallowed up in victory" (1 Cor. 15:55)."Thy dead men shall live" (Isa. 26:19) "Awake and sing, ye that dwell in the dust ... the earth shall cast out the dead" (Isa. 25:8; 26:19). "Death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning" (of the resurrection) (Ps. 49:14) "Many that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake" (Dan. 12:2) "Thou will not leave my soul in hell" (Ps. 16:10) "As in Adam all die, so in Christ shall all be made alive" (1 Cor. 15:22) and "some to everlasting life, and some to everlasting shame and contempt" (Dan. 12:2).