Titus 1-3 Star Chart: Clockwise in circa 65 AD from "gainsayers" (1:9), "liars" (1:12), "false accusers" (2:3) and "brawlers" (3:2) "answering again" (2:9), "whose (lunar) mouths must be (solar) stopped" (1:11) so "rebuke them sharply" (12:13) and make them (red radius) "ashamed" (2:8) till (Hydra, Leo, Ursa Major; Drago, Ursa Minor) "evil beasts" (1:12) is 90° days of "winter" (3:12). Notice the reference to a "prophet of their own" (1:12) which is defined as a "tail" of a wild animal (Hydra, Leo, Ursa Major, Drago, and Ursa Minor) (Isa. 9:14-15).

"Cretians Are Alway Liars,
Evil Beasts, Slow Bellies"

1 Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God's elect, and the acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness;

2 In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began;

3 But hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Saviour;

4 To Titus, mine own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from (Pollux) God the Father and the (Castor) Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour.

5 For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain (Auriga & Orion) elders in every city, as I had appointed thee:

6 If any be blameless, the (Orion) husband of one (Auriga) wife, having faithful (Gemini) children not accused of riot or unruly.

7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to (red radius) wine, no striker, not given to filthy (solar gold or lunar silver) lucre;

8 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate;

9 Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the (Gemini & Auriga) gainsayers.

10 For there are many unruly and vain (lunar open mouth) (Aruiga & Orion) talkers and deceivers, specially they of the (lunar half moon) circumcision:

11 Whose (lunar) mouths must be (solar) stopped, who subvert whole (red radius) houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy (solar gold & lunar silver) lucre's sake.

12 One of themselves, even a prophet of their own (tail -- false prophet [Isa. 9:14-15]), said, the (Gemini & Auriga) Cretians are alway liars, (Hydra, Leo, Ursa Major, Drago, Ursa Minor) evil beasts, slow (lunar) bellies.

The Cretans affirmed that the tomb of Jove was to be seen in their island, thereby making him mortal: it was in reference to this that they were stigmatised as liars. The prophet of their own quoted by Paul was Epimenides, who as Diogenes Laertius tells us was "very much in favor with the gods," and who "took upon himself to find out and teach others what ceremonies were to be used to avert the anger of the gods." See note on Acts 17:23. Chrysostom says that Epimenides seeing the Cretans about to build a tomb to Jove exclaimed with indignation -- "The Cretans are always liars, for they have built thee a tomb, but thou hast never died, and shall continue for ever."
The words are to be found however, in Callimachus.

"The Cretans, always liars, vaunt in vain,
And impious built thy tomb on Dicte's plain." (Callim. Hymn. in Jov. 8)

Plutarch says of Lysander, with reference to his negotiations with Pharnabazus -- "He was not aware, as the proverb has it, that he was playing the Cretan with a Cretan." -- Lysand. 20)

"Perseus designing to escape from Samothrace engaged Orandes, a Cretan, to take him and his treasure into his vessel and carry them off. He, like a true Cretan, took in the treasure and advised Perseus to come in the night to the port called Demetrium; but before this he had set sail." (Plutarch Aemil. Paul. 23)

"I sing of things well known. Crete, with the hundred cities, however fond of lying, cannot deny this." (Ovid de art. amand. 1:297)

"Perhaps a better age shall come, when none
Shall think thee even laid beneath this stone;
When Egypt's boast of Pompey's tomb shall prove
As unbelieved a tale as Crete relates of Jove." (Lucan. Phars. 8:869)

13 This witness is true. Wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith;

14 Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of (Orion and Auriga) men, that turn from the truth.

15 Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled.

16 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.

2 But speak thou the things which become sound doctrine:

2 That the (Gemini, Auriga, Orion & Perseus) aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience.

3 The (Gemini, Auriga, Orion & Perseus) aged women likewise, that they be in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much (red radius) wine, teachers of good things;

4 That they may teach the young (Gemini) women to be sober, to love their (Gemini, Auriga, Orion & Perseus) husbands, to love their (Gemini) children,

5 To be discreet, chaste, keepers at (red radius) home, good, obedient to their own (Gemini) husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.

"Silence and modesty are best for a woman, and to remain indoors." (Euripides Heracl. 476)

"It is the part of a good wife ... not to be superior to her husband, but to obey him. A woman who rules her husband is a great evil." (Philem. apud Stob.)


Our ancestors thought it not proper that women should perform any, even private business, without a director; but that they should ever be under the control of parents, brothers, or husbands." (Livy 34:2)

"Woman thy sex's noblest ornament is silence." (Soph. Ajax, 293)

"A woman ought to keep within her house and to be silent." (Plutarch Conj. praec. 32)

"To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands" (Titus 2:5).

6 Young (Gemini & Auriga) men likewise exhort to be sober minded.

7 In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine shewing uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity,

8 Sound speech, that cannot be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part may be (red radius) ashamed, having no evil thing to say of you.

9 Exhort (Gemini, Perseus and Auriga) servants to be obedient unto their own (Orion) masters, and to please them well in all things; not answering again;

10 Not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.

11 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath (lunar eyeball) appeared to all (Gemini, Perseus, Auriga & Orion) men,

12 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;

13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ (2026);

14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar (Gemini, Orion, Auriga & Perseus) people, zealous of good works.

15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.

3 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey (Gemini, etc.) magistrates, to be ready to every good work,

2 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, but gentle, shewing all meekness unto all (Gemini, etc.) men.

3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another.

4 But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared,

5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;

6 Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour;

7 That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.

8 This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto (Gemini, etc.) men.

9 But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain.

10 A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject;

11 Knowing that he that is such is subverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself.

12 When I shall send (Orion) Artemas unto thee, or (Auriga) Tychicus, be diligent to come unto me to Nicopolis: for I have determined there to (90° day) winter.

13 Bring Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their journey diligently, that nothing be wanting unto them.

14 And let our's also learn to maintain good works for necessary uses, that they be not unfruitful.

15 All that are with me salute thee. Greet them that love us in the faith. Grace be with you all. Amen.

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