Leviticus Chapter 4 Star Chart: Clockwise from when anyone sins in ignorance, "then let him bring for his sin, which he hath sinned, a young (Taurus) bullock without blemish unto the (Shekinah) Lord for a sin offering" (4:3), "And he shall bring the (Taurus) bullock unto the door of the (red radius) tabernacle of the congregation before the Lord; and shall lay his (Castor) hand upon the bullock's (lunar) head (60° seconds), and (Perseus) (red radius) kill the (Taurus) bullock before the Lord" (4:4) (+300° seconds). "And the (Castor) priest that is anointed shall take of the (Taurus) bullock's (red radius) blood, and bring it to the (red radius) tabernacle of the congregation:" (4:5) (+60° seconds) "And the (Castor) priest shall dip his finger in the (red radius) blood, and sprinkle of the blood seven times before the Lord (360° x 7 = 7 seconds), before the vail of the sanctuary" (4:6). "And the (Castor) priest shall put some of the (red radius) blood upon the horns of the altar of (red radius) sweet incense before the (Shekinah) Lord, which is in the (red radius) tabernacle of the congregation (360° x 2 = 2 seconds); and shall (red radius) pour all the blood of the (Taurus) bullock at the bottom of the (solar) altar of the burnt offering, which is at the (red radius) door of the tabernacle of the congregation." (4:7) (150° seconds) "And he shall take off from it all the (lunar white) fat of the (Taurus) bullock for the sin offering; the (lunar white) fat that covereth the inwards, and all the (lunar white) fat that is upon the inwards," (4:8) (360° x 3 = 18 minutes) "And the two (lunar) kidneys, and the (lunar white) fat that is upon them, which is by the (red radius) flanks, and the (red radius membrane) caul above the (solar) liver, with the (lunar white) kidneys, it shall he take away," (4:9) (360° seconds) "As it was taken off from the (Taurus) bullock of the sacrifice of peace offerings: and the (Castor) priest shall (solar) burn them upon the altar of the burnt offering." (4:10) (+150° seconds) "And the (red radius) skin of the (Taurus) bullock, and all his flesh, with his (lunar) head, and with his (red radius) legs, and his inwards, and his dung, Even the whole (Taurus) bullock shall he carry forth without the camp unto a clean place, where the (black zodiac) ashes are poured out, and (solar) burn him on the (red radius) wood with (solar) fire: where the (black zodiac) ashes are poured out shall he be (solar) burnt." (4:11-12) (+ 360° seconds).


SIN Offering: Sins of Ignorance Will Be Forgiven
When a Bullock Without Blemish is Sacrificed

 

4:1 And the (Shekinah) Lord spake unto (Ophiuchus) Moses, saying,

2 Speak unto the (Gemini) children of Israel, saying, If a soul shall sin through ignorance against any of the commandments of the Lord concerning things which ought not to be done, and shall do against any of them:

3 If the priest that is anointed do sin according to the sin of the (Gemini) people; then let him bring for his sin, which he hath sinned, a young (Taurus) bullock without blemish unto the Lord for a sin offering.

4 And he shall bring the (Taurus) bullock unto the door of the (red radius) tabernacle of the congregation before the (Shekinah) Lord; and shall lay his (Castor) hand upon the (Taurus) bullock's head, and (Perseus) (red radius) kill the (Taurus) bullock before the Lord.

5 And the (Castor) priest that is anointed shall take of the (Taurus) bullock's (red radius) blood, and bring it to the (red radius) tabernacle of the congregation:

6 And the (Castor) priest shall dip his finger in the (red radius) blood, and sprinkle of the blood seven times before the (Shekinah) Lord, before the vail of the sanctuary.

7 And the (Castor) priest shall put some of the (red radius) blood upon the (lunar crescent) horns of the (red radius) altar of (red radius stick) sweet incense before the (Shekinah) Lord, which is in the (red radius) tabernacle of the congregation; and shall pour all the (red radius) blood of the (Taurus) bullock at the bottom of the (red radius) altar of the (solar) burnt offering, which is at the door of the (red radius) tabernacle of the congregation.

8 And he shall take off from it all the (lunar white) fat of the (Taurus) bullock for the sin offering; the (lunar white) fat that covereth the inwards, and all the (lunar white) fat that is upon the inwards,

9 And the two (lunar) kidneys, and the (lunar white) fat that is upon them, which is by the (red radius) flanks, and the (red radius membrane) caul above the liver, with the (lunar) kidneys, it shall he (Ophiuchus) take away,

And the caul above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take away; or the caul, which is a thin membrane or skin, in which the liver is enclosed, with the liver, together with the kidneys, he separated from the rest in order to burn, at least with a part of the liver; so Jarchi and Gersom interpret it, that he should take a little of the liver with the caul; and indeed some think the word rendered "caul" signifies a part of the liver, that which the Greeks call the "table", the broader part of it, like a table; and which word the Talmudists (T. Bab. Cholin, fol. 46. 1.) retain, who speak of , "the table of the liver"; and by which Jarchi on Exodus 29:13 interprets the caul above the liver, the same as here.

The caul upon the liver] Here and in Leviticus 3:10; Leviticus 3:15, Leviticus 4:9, Leviticus 7:4; Exodus 29:13; the caul of the liver Exodus 29:22; Leviticus 8:16; Leviticus 8:25; Leviticus 9:19; the caul from the liver Leviticus 9:10. The Heb. word translated ‘caul’ occurs only in these passages, and A.V. has the preposition ‘above’ in all of them. By ‘caul’ is here meant the membrane known as the small omentum, which covers the liver, the reticulum jecoris of Vulg. Jerome probably obtained the meaning from his Hebrew teachers. Mediaeval Jewish commentators interpret in the same way, or, as A.V. mg. renders, ‘midriff.’

But Moore in Enc. Bib. iv. p. 420 b had expressed his opinion that the lobus caudatus of the liver is the part indicated by the Heb. text. In an Article contributed to Orient. Studien Th. Nöldeke gewidmet (1906) ii. 761 ff. he examined fully the renderings of the LXX. and other versions, quotations from the Mishna and other Jewish authorities, and shewed that the oldest tradition supported this interpretation. The Heb. literally translated is the redundance upon the liver which he shall take away along with the kidneys. Something connected with the liver, but in the nature of an appendage, which can be removed when the kidneys with the fat enclosing them are taken away, is indicated. From the right lobe of the liver of a sheep projects upwards an excrescence like a finger lying close to the right kidney fat, reaching about halfway up the kidney, which can easily be separated from the liver when the kidney with its surrounding fat is removed according to the directions in Leviticus 3:3-4. It is called (Tal. Bab. Tamid 31 a) ‘the finger of the liver,’ a more descriptive title than ‘the nut,’ given to it by the modern butcher. Anatomists call it lobus caudatus, and it appears to be clearly indicated by the Heb. yôthéreth, redundance, and the directions which imply its proximity to the kidney.

Caul [N] [S]
(Heb. yothe'reth; i.e., "something redundant"), the membrane which covers the upper part of the liver ( Exodus 29:13 Exodus 29:22 ; Leviticus 3:4 Leviticus 3:10 Leviticus 3:15 ; 4:9 ; 7:4 ; marg., "midriff").

10 As it was taken off from the (Taurus) bullock of the (solar) sacrifice of peace offerings: and the priest shall (solar) burn them upon the (red radius) altar of the burnt offering.

11 And the (red radius) skin of the (Taurus) bullock, and all his flesh, with his (lunar) head, and with his (red radius) legs, and his inwards, and his (solar) dung,

12 Even the whole (Taurus) bullock shall he (Ophiuchus) carry forth without the camp unto a clean place, where the (black zodiac) ashes are poured out, and (solar) burn him on the (red radius) wood with (solar) fire: where the (black zodiac) ashes are poured out shall he be (solar) burnt.

Without the camp - This was intended figuratively to express the sinfulness of this sin, and the availableness of the atonement. The sacrifice, as having the sin of the priest transferred from himself to it by his confession and imposition of hands, was become unclean and abominable, and was carried, as it were, out of the Lord's sight; from the tabernacle and congregation it must be carried without the camp, and thus its own offensiveness was removed, and the sin of the person in whose behalf it was offered. The apostle (Hebrews 13:11-13) applies this in the most pointed manner to Christ: "For the bodies of those beasts whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp. Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate. Let us go forth therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach."

13 And if the whole (Gemini) congregation of Israel sin through ignorance, and the thing be hid from the (lunar eyeball) eyes of the assembly, and they have done somewhat against any of the commandments of the (Shekinah) Lord concerning things which should not be done, and are guilty;

14 When the sin, which they have sinned against it, is known, then the congregation shall offer a young (Taurus) bullock for the sin, and bring him before the (red radius) tabernacle of the congregation.

15 And the (Gemini) elders of the congregation shall lay their (Castor, Cetus, Canis Minor, Perseus) hands upon the (lunar) head of the (Taurus) bullock before the Lord: and the (Taurus) bullock shall be (Perseus) (red radius) killed before the (Shekinah) Lord.

16 And the (Castor) priest that is anointed shall bring of the (Taurus) bullock's (red radius) blood to the (red radius) tabernacle of the congregation:

17 And the (Castor) priest shall dip his finger in some of the (red radius) blood, and sprinkle it seven times before the (Shekinah) Lord, even before the vail.

18 And he shall put some of the (red radius) blood upon the (lunar crescent) horns of the (red radius) altar which is before the (Shekinah) Lord, that is in the (red radius) tabernacle of the congregation, and shall pour out all the (red radius) blood at the bottom of the (red radius) altar of the (solar) burnt offering, which is at the door of the (red radius) tabernacle of the congregation.

19 And he shall take all his (lunar white) fat from him, and (solar) burn it upon the (red radius) altar.

20 And he shall do with the (Taurus) bullock as he did with the (Taurus) bullock for a sin offering, so shall he do with this: and the priest shall make an atonement for them, and it shall be forgiven them.

21 And he (Ophiuchus) shall carry forth the (Taurus) bullock without the camp, and (solar) burn him as he (solar) burned the first (Taurus) bullock: it is a sin offering for the congregation.

22 When a ruler hath sinned, and done somewhat through ignorance against any of the commandments of the (Shekinah) Lord his God concerning things which should not be done, and is guilty;

23 Or if his sin, wherein he hath sinned, come to his knowledge; he shall bring his offering, a kid of the (Taurus) goats, a male without blemish:

24 And he shall lay his (Castor) hand upon the head of the (Taurus) goat, and (Perseus) (red radius) kill it in the place where they (red radius) kill the (solar) burnt offering before the (Shekinah) Lord: it is a sin offering.

25 And the (Castor) priest shall take of the (red radius) blood of the sin offering with his finger, and put it upon the (lunar crescent) horns of the (red radius) altar of (solar) burnt offering, and shall pour out his (red radius) blood at the bottom of the (red radius) altar of (solar) burnt offering.

26 And he shall (solar) burn all his (lunar white) fat upon the (red radius) altar, as the (lunar white) fat of the sacrifice of peace offerings: and the priest shall make an atonement for him as concerning his sin, and it shall be forgiven him.

27 And if any one of the common (Gemini) people sin through ignorance, while he doeth somewhat against any of the commandments of the (Shekinah) Lord concerning things which ought not to be done, and be guilty;

28 Or if his sin, which he hath sinned, come to his knowledge: then he shall bring his offering, a kid of the (Taurus) goats, a female without blemish, for his sin which he hath sinned.

29 And he shall lay his (Castor) hand upon the head of the sin offering, and (Perseus) (red radius) slay the sin offering in the place of the (solar) burnt offering.

30 And the (Castor) priest shall take of the (red radius) blood thereof with his finger, and put it upon the (lunar crescent) horns of the (red radius) altar of (solar) burnt offering, and shall pour out all the (red radius) blood thereof at the bottom of the (red radius) altar.

31 And he shall take away all the (lunar white) fat thereof, as the (lunar white) fat is taken away from off the sacrifice of peace offerings; and the priest shall (solar) burn it upon the (red radius) altar for a sweet (red radius) savour unto the (Shekinah) Lord; and the priest shall make an atonement for him, and it shall be forgiven him.

32 And if he bring a (Aries) lamb for a sin offering, he shall bring it a female without blemish.

33 And he shall lay his (Castor) hand upon the head of the sin offering, and (Perseus) (red radius) slay it for a sin offering in the place where they (Perseus) (red radius) kill the burnt offering.

34 And the (Castor) priest shall take of the (red radius) blood of the sin offering with his finger, and put it upon the (lunar crescent) horns of the (red radius) altar of burnt offering, and shall pour out all the (red radius) blood thereof at the bottom of the (red radius) altar:

35 And he shall take away all the (lunar white) fat thereof, as the (lunar white) fat of the (Aries) lamb is taken away from the sacrifice of the peace offerings; and the priest shall (solar) burn them upon the (red radius) altar, according to the offerings made by (solar) fire unto the (Shekinah) Lord: and the priest shall make an atonement for his sin that he hath committed, and it shall be forgiven him.

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