Genesis chapter 41 Star Chart: Using the degree-day scale, seven years are seven laps around the Zodiac from solar golden Taurus. These cows progressively graze nearer and nearer the Milky Way River. The lunar crescent is first visible at 7° from the the sun. Then seven more laps around the Zodiac till we arrive at the two-horned crescent black moon. These seven laps passing through Taurus turn one cow into seven. Seven more laps of the two-horned crescent moon turn one two-horned crescent black cow into seven. The same is true for one ear of each type of corn (grain). It turns into seven for each. Notice the (solar golden) ear of grain with (yellow radius) stem is encountered once per lap, so seven laps are seven (solar golden) ears of grain. Then seven more (lunar empty) ears of grain with (red radius) stems occur, blighted by the hot (Milky Way) east wind. From 1670 B.C. till 1656 B.C. is 14 years after 14 laps.
Clockwise from when Pharaoh (Orion) "stood by the river" (Eridanus) (41:1) and "seven well favoured (Taurus) kine and fatfleshed" (seven 360° revolutions of the solar golden sun in Taurus) "fed in a (green Milky Way) meadow" commencing in 1670 B.C. till "seven other (Taurus) kine came up (7°) after them out of the river (Eridanus), ill favoured and leanfleshed (seven 360° revolutions of the two-horned crescent black moon to Taurus); and stood by the other kine upon the brink of the (green Milky Way) river" (41:3) and (lunar open mouth) ate them up (41:4) in 1656 B.C. is 14° years.
Clockwise from when "seven (solar golden) ears of corn (grain) came up upon one (yellow radius) stalk, rank and good" (41:5) commencing in 1670 B.C. till "seven (lunar crescent) thin ears and (black lunar) blasted with the (Milky Way) east wind sprung up (7°) after them" and (lunar open mouth) "devoured" them in 1656 B.C. is 14° years.
Clockwise from when Pharaoh "put a gold chain (yellow crescent) about his (Joseph's lunar) neck" (41:42) and "made him (Auriga-Joseph) to ride in the second (Auriga) chariot which he had" (41:43) in 1670 B.C. till "seven empty (lunar crescent) ears" (41:27) were fulfilled in 1656 B.C. is 14° years.
"About 18-24 hours after new moon, the moon moves away from the line of earth and sun, to its new location as shown by the location of the crescent moon. Now sun and moon have separated from the same line....This angular separation causes the crescent to form. Until this angle becomes 7 degrees, no light of the sun reflected by the moon can come to the earth, because of the mountains on the surface of the moon that block the sun's light (Danjon 1932). This angle must (usually -- comment mine) be about 10-12 degrees for the sun's light to reflect from the moon, making a thin crescent which can be sighted. Sometimes, this crescent is very thin and very low on the horizon, so it can not be seen as it disappears in the glare of sun, and therefore is not visible, even though it may remain above horizon for 20-30 minutes after sunset. Another important factor is the moon's altitude above the horizon. If the crescent thickness is sufficient, but it is not above the horizon, then it can not be seen. This happens in the month of September and October in the USA, when the moon is in the southern hemisphere, therefore, it can not be seen from northern hemisphere. If the moon is above the horizon but close to it within the glare of the sun, then it may not be visible. A crescent within an altitude of 10 degrees is usually not visible. For a sightable crescent from any location, the following parameters are most important: 1. Angular separation of the moon from sun as seen from earth. (This is also called elongation, or arc of light, or simply angle from sun) 2. Moon's altitude above the horizon. It is also a scientific fact that, if the moon is visible anywhere on the globe, it would be more easily visible on all places west of it." (The Science of Moonsighting, by Syed Khalid Shaukat, 15 July 2015)
As a review, Abraham was 75 when he entered Canaan (Gen. 12:4) in 1876 B.C. -- 430 years before Israel's exodus from Egypt in 1446 B.C. (Ex. 12:40-41). He received the covenant at this time, making it year zero in the calculation. Isaac was born 25 years later when Abraham was 100 (Gen. 21:5) in 1851 B.C. Isaac was age 60 when Jacob was born (Gen. 25:26) in 1791 B.C. When Jacob was 130, he entered Egypt (Gen. 47:28) in the second year of the famine (45:6) when Joseph was 39 in 1661 B.C. Therefore "Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh" (41:46) in 1670 B.C. at the beginning of the seven years of plenty. "Two full years" before that, the butler-baker incident occurred in 1672 B.C. (41:1). Joseph was "seventeen years old" (37:2) in 1683 B.C. when he was sold into Egypt. Furthermore, Joseph was born in 1700 B.C. when God "opened her (Rachel's) womb" (29:22) and Jacob was age 91. This means that fourteen years before that (29:27-30), Jacob travelled to Padan-Aram in 1714 B.C. when he was 77 (28:1-2). Adding "twenty years" with Laban (31:41) + 7 years when Jacob "erected there an altar" in Shekem (33:18-20) + about one year till "Isaac ... died" (35:27) makes Jacob 105 years old in 1686 when Isaac died at 165 (105 + 60 = 165). In order for Isaac to be 180 when he died (35:28), we must find a gap of 15 years in the chronology somewhere between 31:41 and 35:28. Adding together 25 + 60 + 130 = 215 years sojourning outside Egypt. With the other 215 years inside Egypt, we can construct the 430-year period till 1446 B.C. (see also Josephus' Antiquities 2:15:2). The Exodus in 1446 B.C. was 430 years after Abraham entered Canaan in 1876 B.C. "Now the sojourning (in Canaan and Egypt -- 215 years each) of the children of Israel (which here includes Abraham, Isaac and Jacob -- see footnotes in both the Companion Bible and Jerusalem Bible), who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt" (Ex.12:40-41). Josephus says the same thing: "They left Egypt ... on the fifteenth day of the lunar month (Num. 33:3), four hundred and thirty years after our forefather Abraham came into Canaan" (Ant.2:15:2). Both the Samaritan Pentateuch and Septuagint add "and in Canaan" in verse 40. The Septuagint, quoted by Paul in Galatians, says "the sojourning of the sons of Israel who dwelt in the land of Egypt and Canaan was 430 years" because they dwelt in Canaan before they dwelt in Egypt.
Joseph Prepared For Famine By Storing Food
41:1 And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he (Orion) stood by the river (Eridanus).
2 And, behold, there came up out of the river seven well favoured (Taurus) kine and fatfleshed (seven 360° revolutions of the two-horned moon to Taurus); and they fed in a (green Milky Way) meadow.
3 And, behold, seven other (Taurus) kine came up after them out of the river (Eridanus), ill favoured and leanfleshed (seven 360° revolutions of the two-horned moon to Taurus); and stood by the other kine upon the brink of the river (Eridanus).
4 And the ill favoured and leanfleshed kine did eat up (solar eclipse looks like an open mouth) the seven well favoured and fat kine. So Pharaoh awoke.
5 And he slept and dreamed the second time: and, behold, seven (solar golden) ears of corn (solar grain) came up upon one (yellow radius) stalk, rank and good.
6 And, behold, seven (lunar crescent) thin ears and blasted with the east wind sprung up after them.
7 And the seven (lunar crescent) thin ears devoured (solar eclipse looks like an open mouth) the seven (solar golden) rank and full ears. And Pharaoh awoke, and, behold, it was a dream.
8 And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the (Gemini) magicians of Egypt, and all the (Gemini) wise men thereof: and (Orion) Pharaoh told them his dream; but there was none that could interpret them unto Pharaoh.
9 Then spake the (Auriga) chief butler unto (Orion) Pharaoh, saying, I do remember my faults this day:
10 Pharaoh (Orion) was wroth with his (Gemini) servants, and put me in ward in the captain of the guard's house, both me and the chief baker:
11 And we dreamed a dream in one night, I and he; we dreamed each man according to the interpretation of his dream.
12 And there was there with us a young man, an Hebrew, servant to the captain of the guard; and we told him, and he interpreted to us our dreams; to each man according to his dream he did interpret.
13 And it came to pass, as he interpreted to us, so it was; me he restored unto mine office, and him he hanged.
14 Then (Orion) Pharaoh sent and called (Auriga) Joseph, and they brought him hastily out of the (red radius barred lunar-solar window) dungeon: and he (Orion) (lunar) shaved himself, and changed his raiment, and came in unto (Auriga) Pharaoh.
15 And (Orion) Pharaoh said unto (Auriga) Joseph, I have dreamed a dream, and there is none that can interpret it: and I have heard say of thee, that thou canst understand a dream to interpret it.
16 And (Auriga) Joseph answered (Orion) Pharaoh, saying, It is not in me: God shall give Pharaoh an answer of peace.
17 And (Orion) Pharaoh said unto (Auriga) Joseph, In my dream, behold, I (Orion) stood upon the bank of the river (Eridanus):
18 And, behold, there came up out of the river (Eridanus) seven (Taurus) kine, fatfleshed and well favoured; and they fed in a (Green Milky Way) meadow:
19 And, behold, seven other (Taurus) kine came up after them, poor and very ill favoured and leanfleshed, such as I never saw in all the land of Egypt for badness:
20 And the lean (two-horned crescent black) and the ill favoured kine (years) did (lunar open mouth) eat up the first seven fat kine (years):
21 And when they had eaten them up, it could not be known that they had eaten them; but they were still ill favoured, as at the beginning. So I awoke.
22 And I saw in my dream, and, behold, seven (solar golden) ears came up in one (yellow radius) stalk, full and good:
23 And, behold, seven (lunar crescent) ears, withered, thin, and blasted with the east wind, sprung up after them:
24 And the thin ears (years) devoured the seven good ears (years): and I told this unto the (Gemini) magicians; but there was none that could declare it to me.
25 And Joseph (Orion) said unto Pharaoh (Auriga), The dream of Pharaoh is one: God hath shewed Pharaoh what he is about to do.
26 The seven good (Taurus) kine are seven years; and the seven good (solar golden) ears are seven years: the dream is one.
27 And the seven thin and ill favoured (two-horned lunar crescent black) kine that came up after them are seven years; and the seven empty (lunar crescent) ears blasted with the east wind shall be seven years of famine.
Josephus relates a dream of Archelaus the son of Herod, who dreamed that he saw ten ears of corn, full and large, devoured by oxen; he sent for the Chaldeans and others to tell him what they signified; one said one thing and another another; at length one Simon, an Essene, said that the ears signified years, and the oxen changes of affairs, because, when they plough up the earth, they turn it up and change it; so that he should reign as many years as were ears of corn seen, and after many changes should die, as he accordingly did (Antiqu. l. 17. c. 15. sect. 3. & de Bello Jud. l. 2. c. 7. sect. 3).
28 This is the thing which I have spoken unto Pharaoh: What God is about to do he sheweth unto Pharaoh.
29 Behold, there come seven years of great plenty throughout all the land of Egypt:
Not only a sufficiency but an abundance, even to luxury, as when the Nile rose to sixteen cubits, as Pliny observes (m); which, though a natural cause, was owing to God, and that it should thus overflow for seven years successively, and cause such a continued plenty, can be ascribed to no other.
(m) Nat. Hist. l. 5. c. 9.
30 And there shall arise after them seven years of famine; and all the plenty shall be forgotten (thin lunar crescent) in the land of Egypt; and the (lunar crescent) famine shall (lunar open mouth) consume the land;
as, when it did not rise to more than twelve cubits, a famine ensued, as the above writer says ( Nat Hist. l. 5. c. 9).
31 And the plenty shall not be known (eclipsed) in the land by reason of that famine following; for it shall be very grievous.
32 And for that the dream was doubled unto Pharaoh twice; it is because the thing is established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass.
33 Now therefore let Pharaoh look out a man discreet and wise, and set him over the land of Egypt.
34 Let Pharaoh do this, and let him appoint officers over the land, and take up the fifth part of the land of Egypt in the seven plenteous years.
35 And let them gather all the food of those good years that come, and lay up (solar and lunar golden) corn under the hand of Pharaoh, and let them keep food in the cities.
36 And that food shall be for store to the land against the seven (lunar crescent) years of famine, which shall be in the land of Egypt; that the land perish not through the famine.
Justin, an Heathen writer confirms this account of the advice of Joseph, of whom he says, that "he was exceeding sagacious of things wonderful, and first found out the meaning of dreams; and nothing of right, divine or human, seemed unknown to him, so that he could foresee the barrenness of land many years beforehand; and all Egypt would have perished with the famine, if the king, by his advice, had not commanded an edict, that the fruits of the earth, for many years, should be preserved.'' (E. Trogo, l. 36. c. 32).
37 And the thing was good in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all his servants.
38 And Pharaoh (Orion) said unto his (Auriga and Gemini) servants, Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit of God is?
39 And Pharaoh (Orion) said unto Joseph (Auriga) , Forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all this, there is none so discreet and wise as thou art:
40 Thou shalt be over my house, and according unto thy word shall all my (Gemini and Auriga) people be ruled: only in the (lunar crescent) throne will I be greater than thou.
41 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, See, I have set thee over all the land of Egypt.
42 And Pharaoh took off his (lunar crescent) ring from his hand, and put it upon Joseph's (lunar) hand, and arrayed him in vestures of fine (Milky Way) linen, and put a gold (yellow crescent) chain about his (lunar) neck;
43 And he made him to ride in the second (Auriga) chariot which he had; and they Orion and Auriga) cried before him (Auriga), Bow the knee: and he made him ruler over all the land of Egypt.
44 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I am Pharaoh, and without thee shall no man lift up his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.
45 And Pharaoh called Joseph's name Zaphnathpaaneah (Revealer of Hidden Secrets); and he gave him to wife Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On. And Joseph went out over all the land of Egypt.
according to the paraphrase of Onkelos, signifies one to whom hidden things are revealed; or, as Jonathan, a revealer of secrets; and so most of the Jewish writers explain it;
Josephus (Ant. ii. 91), Targum of Onkelos, and the Syriac rendered the name by “Revealer of Secrets”; and this was very generally accepted in Christian tradition, the derivation being assumed to be from the Hebrew root zâphan, “to conceal.” Asenath -- A proper name, meaning “Belonging to the goddess Neith.”
46 And Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh, and went throughout all the land of Egypt.
Joseph's 7 years of plenty and 7 years of famine were from about 1670 till 1656 B.C. since he was age 30 when he stood before Pharaoh at the beginning of this 14-year period (Gen. 41:46) and the Exodus in 1446 B.C. was 430 years after Abraham entered Canaan: "The sojourning of the children of Israel ... was 430 years" till the Exodus (Ex. 12:40-41). Therefore Abraham began sojourning in Canaan and Egypt in 1876 B.C. when he was 75 years old (Gen. 12:4). From Abraham's 75th year till Joseph's 30th year is exactly 206 years (Gen. 16:16; 25:26; 47:9; 41:46-53; 45:6) making that date 1670 B.C. when he stood before Pharaoh.
Joseph lived for 110 years (Genesis 50:26) Joseph age 30 (Genesis 41:40-46) became governor of Egypt in 1670 B.C. There was 7 years of great harvest and the second year of famine Joseph age 39 in 1661 B.C. met his father Jacob age 130 (Genesis 47:9) in Egypt. Global famine (Genesis 41:57)
This verse probably contains the brief record of P; according to which Joseph had spent thirteen years in Egypt before his elevation, and was aged seventeen when he was brought into Egypt, Genesis 37:2. There elapsed seven years of plenty and two of the years of famine, before his brothers came down to Egypt (Genesis 45:11). Accordingly, Joseph must have been in Egypt over twenty years before they came. Benjamin had been born some time before Joseph disappeared (Genesis 35:18). Hence, so far from Benjamin being “a little one” (Genesis 44:20), he must have been well over twenty, when Joseph saw his brethren.
47 And in the seven plenteous years the earth brought forth by handfuls.
48 And he gathered up all the food of the seven years, which were in the land of Egypt, and laid up the food in the cities: the food of the field, which was round about every city, laid he up in the same.
At this day, at old Cairo, is an edifice the most considerable in it, called Joseph's granary; it occupies a square, surrounded by a wall, and has divers partitions contrived within it, where is deposited the corn, that is paid as a tax to the Gram Seignior, brought from different parts of Egypt (o).
(o) Norden's Travels in Egypt, &c. vol. 1. p. 72.
49 And Joseph gathered (solar) corn as the sand of the sea, very much, until he left numbering; for it was without number.
50 And unto Joseph were born two (Gemini) sons before the years of famine came, which Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On bare unto him.
51 And Joseph (Orion) called the name of the firstborn Manasseh (Auriga): For God, said he, hath made me (lunar empty) forget all my toil, and all my father's house.
52 And the name of the second called he (solar Heifer Taurus) Ephraim: For God hath caused me to be fruitful in the land of my affliction.
For the Hebrew word to be fruitful, cf. Genesis 28:3, Genesis 35:11, Genesis 48:4. There is a play on the resemblance in the sound of the name to the Hebrew root (prh) meaning “fruitfulness.” The same play on the two words is found in Hosea 13:15, “fruitful among his brethren,” referring to Ephraim.
53 And the seven years of plenteousness, that was in the land of Egypt, were ended.
54 And the seven years of (lunar crescent) dearth began to come, according as Joseph had said: and the dearth was in all lands; but in all the land of Egypt there was (solar golden) bread.
It is very probable that to this seven years' drought in Egypt Ovid refers, which he makes to be nine ("Dicitur Aegyptus caruisse juvantibus arva Imbribus, atque annis sicca fuisse novem." -- Ovid de Artc Amandi, l. 1. ver. 647) as does also Apollodorus ( De Deor Orig. l. 2. p. 104).
55 And when all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried to Pharaoh for (solar golden) bread: and (Orion) Pharaoh (red radius) said unto all the Egyptians, Go unto Joseph; what he saith to you, do.
56 And the (lunar crescent) famine was over all the face of the earth: and (Orion) Joseph opened all the (lunar) storehouses, and sold unto the Egyptians; and the famine waxed sore in the land of Egypt.
57 And all countries came into Egypt to Joseph for to buy (solar) corn; because that the (lunar) famine was so sore in all lands.