Genesis chapter 5 Star Chart: Clockwise from when "God created (Gemini) man, in the likeness of (Argo) God made he him; Male and female (Gemini) created he them; and (solar) blessed them, and (red radius) called their name Adam" (5:1-2) (3960 B.C.) till "Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, and after his image; and called his name (Hercules) Seth" (5:3) (3830 B.C.) is 130° years. From Seth's birth till "Seth lived an hundred and five years, and begat (Cepheus) Enos" (5:6) (3725 B.C.) is 105° years. From Enos birth till "Enos lived ninety years, and begat (Auriga) Cainan" (5:9) (3635 B.C.) is 90° years. From Cainan's birth till "Cainan lived seventy years and begat (Leo) Mahalaleel" (5:12)(3565 B.C.) is 70° years. From Mahalaleel's birth till "Mahalaleel lived sixty and five years, and begat (Bootes) Jared (5:15) (3500 B.C.) is 65° years. From Jared's birth till "Jared lived an hundred sixty and two years, and he begat (Pisces) Enoch" (5:18) (3338 B.C.) is 162° years. From Enoch's birth till "Enoch lived sixty and five years, and begat (Orion) Methuselah" (5:21)(3273 B.C.) is 65° years. From Methuselah's birth till "Methuselah lived an hundred eighty and seven years, and begat (Drago) Lamech" (5:25)(3086 B.C.) is 187° years. From Lamech's birth till "Lamech lived an hundred eighty and two years, and begat ... (Orion) Noah" (5:28-29)(2904 B.C.) is 182° years. From Noah's birth till "Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah begat (Ursa Minor) Shem, Ham, and Japheth" (5:32)(2404 B.C.) is 500° years. Adding 100 more years, there were 1656 years from Adam to the Flood.
Adam is MANKIND (#120). When Seth was born, Eve said, "For God hath APPOINTED (#7896) me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew." Enosh means "MORTAL" (#582). It is from the root anash: to be incurable; used of a wound, grief, woe, sickness, or wickedness. Kenan means "SORROW (2 Chr. 35:25, Jer. 7:29). Balaam, looking down from the hills of Moab, employed a pun regarding the name of the Kenites when he prophesied their destruction (Nu. 24:21,23). Mahalalel, from mahalal (#4111) which means "BLESSED"; and El, the name for GOD. Jared, from the verb yered, meaning "SHALL COME DOWN" (#3382). Enoch, means "TEACHING" (#2596). He prophesied of the Second Coming of Christ (Jude 14,15). As soon as Methuselah died, the flood would be sent forth. "Muth," means DEATH in the Old Testament. Shalach means "TO BRING" or "to send forth." In the year that Methuselah died, the flood came. Notice, Methuselah was 187 when Lamech was born, and lived 782 more years. Lamech was 182 when Noah was born (Gen.5:25-28). The Flood came in Noah's 600th year (Gen. 7:6,11). 187 + 182 + 600 = 969 which was Methuselah's age when he died (Gen. 5:27). Lamech comes from Lemek (#4347), a root still seen today in our English word, "lament". Lamech suggests "DESPAIRING." (This name is also linked to the Lamech in Cain's line who inadvertently killed his son Tubal-Cain in a hunting incident (Genesis 4:19-25). Noah is from nacham, "to bring relief" or "COMFORT" (#5118); (Gen. 5:29).
Put the names together in a sentence and you have the plan of salvation -- the gospel message. Yes, "Mankind is appointed mortal sorrow. The blessed God shall come down teaching. His death shall bring the despairing comfort."
Was Noah's Ark and the Flood A Type of Christ's First and Second Coming?
1. Noah means "REST" (Genesis 5:29; Genesis 8:21) just as "His REST shall be glorious" (Isa. 11:10), and who when on earth said, "Come unto Me, all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you REST" (Matthew 11:28).
2. "For as the days of Noah were, so will be the (2nd) coming of the Son of Man. For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day Noah entered the ark, and they knew nothing until the flood came and swept them all away, so too will be the coming of the Son of Man. Then two will be in the field; one will be taken and one will be left. Two women will be grinding meal together; one will be taken and one will be left" (Matt. 24:37-41). Planet X may be the ark of Noah.
3. The ark has "ROOMS" for the animals (Genesis 6:14); Jesus says that his father's house has "many ROOMS" (John 14:2). Planet X?
4. The ark had one DOOR (Genesis 6:16); Jesus is "the DOOR" to salvation (John 10:9). The FLOOD prefigured BAPTISM (1 Pet. 3:20-22). After his "baptism", Noah lived for a further three hundred and fifty years -- or THREE-AND-A-HALF centuries (Gen. 9:28). After his baptism, Jesus lived for a further THREE-AND-A-HALF years.
5. Noah was a PREACHER of RIGHTEOUSNESS (2 Peter 2:5), just as our Lord also preached “If thou wilt enter into life, KEEP the COMMANDMENTS” (Matt. 19:17). God invited Noah to come into the ark (Genesis 7:1); Jesus invites us, "Come to me, all you that are weary" (Matthew 11:28).
6. The ark was made of WOOD (Genesis 6:14) just as the cross was made of WOOD. Both SAVED our LIVES from DEATH (Gen. 7:23; 1 Peter 3:18).
The ark was "LIFTED UP" (7:17) just as Jesus was to be "LIFTED UP" in John 3:13. It is the language of deliverance.
7. Just as "on the SEVENTEENTH day of the SEVENTH month the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat," so also Christ was killed on Passover, the 14th of Abib, and resurrected from the tomb on the SEVENTEENTH day of this same month (Luke 23:1-8). See the proof below.
In Exodus 12:1 the Lord changed the Israelite’s calendar. What had been the 7th month since creation was now to become their 1st month. To this day the Jews have these two calendars (usually known as the civil and religious calendars). So the 17th of the 7th month (when the ark came to rest and a new life dawned for Noah and his family) is exactly the same day as the 17th of the 1st month (called Nisan) in the religious calendar. So what is significant about this day then?
1. The Wavesheaf (symbolising new life) would occur on the first Sunday after Passover. Passover was on the 14th of Nisan (Ex 12) so any time this falls on a Thursday, the Wave sheaf was on the SEVENTEENTH of this month.
2. Israel came through the Red Sea on the SEVENTEENTH of Nisan having left at Passover on the 14th. For them this was death to their old life (with the drowning of the Egyptians) and resurrection to a new life in God on the 17th!
3. The manna which had fed the nation of Israel for the 40 years in the wilderness stopped on the 16th of Nisan and from the SEVENTEENTH onwards Israel feasted on the new grain of the promised land (Josh 5:10-12). This again is a picture of the new life that came on the SEVENTEENTH!
4. The death sentence hung over the entire Israelite nation as their sworn enemy, Haman, had convinced the king to sign a decree to destroy them (Esther 3:1-12). The decree went out on the 13th Nisan (Esther 3:12). Esther then proclaimed a three day fast (Esther 4:16) for the 14th, 15th and 16th. On the 3rd day (5:1) Esther approached the king saying to herself ‘If I perish, I perish!’ (an attitude of death or resurrection… it’s in God’s hands!) On the SEVENTEENTH of Nisan, the tables were turned on the enemy Haman and instead of the Jews being destroyed, his own life was taken!
5. God told the Israelites to take a spotless lamb on the 10th of Nisan and to inspect it up until the 14th Nisan where it would be killed in the Passover sacrifice (Ex. 12). The 10th of Nisan, in the week leading up to Jesus’ crucifixion, was Palm Sunday. It was on this day that He presented Himself to the Israelites as their Messiah to be openly adored and worshiped. On Thursday the 14th of Nisan, in direct fulfilment of the Exodus 12 passage, the true Passover lamb was slain for your sin and mine.
The disciples knew that God had told Moses that the first Sunday following the Sabbath after Passover would be the Wavesheaf (See Lev 23:9-14). It was on this day that they were to offer to God the first fruits of the harvest.
Luke 23:1-8 “On the first day of the week (SEVENTEENTH of Nisan), very early in the morning, the women took the spices they had prepared and went to the tomb. They found the stone rolled away from the tomb, but when they entered, they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. While they were wondering about this, suddenly two men in clothes that gleamed like lightning stood beside them. In their fright the women bowed down with their faces to the ground, but the men said to them, “Why do you look for the living among the dead? He is not here; he has risen! Remember how he told you, while he was still with you in Galilee: ‘The Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, be crucified and on the third day be raised again.’” Then they remembered his words.”
1 Cor 15:20-23 But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. For since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead comes also through a man. For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive. But each in his own turn: Christ, the firstfruits; then, when he comes, those who belong to him.
Mankind is Appointed Mortal Sorrow. The Blessed God Shall Come Down Teaching. His Death Shall Bring
the Despairing Comfort.
5:1 This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him;
Earlier phases of civilization were more favourable to longevity than the later. A water vapor canopy blocked out harmful UV solar radiation.
2 Male and female (Gemini) created he them; and (solar) blessed them, and (red radius) called their name Adam, in the day when they were created (3960 B.C.).
It is impossible to resist the conclusion that there is some sort of connexion between the ten Antediluvian Patriarchs of Genesis 5 and the ten kings before the Flood in the Babylonian Legends. In this list there may possibly be discerned some points of correspondence with the Hebrew. (a) In No. 3 Amelu (= Man) may be translated in Enosh=Man. (b) In (4) Ummanu (= Workman), in Kenan; and in (8) Amel-Sin (Man of Sin), in Methuselah (= Man of Shelah). (c) No. 7, Enmeduranki (king of Sippar, the city of the Sun-god, Shamash), who was the friend of the gods Ramman and Shamash, looks as if he must stand in some close relation to Enoch, whose life was 365 years and who walked with God. (d) The 10th in the list, Xisuthros or ?asisatra, the Ut-napishtim of the Epic, is the hero of the Babylonian Flood, and corresponds to Noah in the Hebrew list. In the Babylonian list, the ten kings are assigned a period of 432,000 years.
3 And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, and after his image; and called his name (Hercules) Seth (3830 B.C.):
4 And the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth were eight hundred years (3030 B.C.): and he begat sons and daughters:
5 And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years: and he died (3030 B.C.).
6 And Seth (Hercules) lived an hundred and five years, and begat (Cepheus) Enos (3725 B.C.):
7 And Seth lived after he begat Enos eight hundred and seven years, and begat sons and daughters:
8 And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years: and he died (2918 B.C.).
9 And Enos (Cepheus) lived ninety years, and begat (Auriga) Cainan (3635 B.C.):
10 And Enos lived after he begat Cainan eight hundred and fifteen years (2820 B.C.), and begat sons and daughters:
11 And all the days of Enos were nine hundred and five years: and he died (2820 B.C.).
12 And Cainan (Auriga) lived seventy years and begat (Leo) Mahalaleel (3565 B.C.):
13 And Cainan lived after he begat Mahalaleel eight hundred and forty years (2725 B.C.), and begat sons and daughters:
14 And all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years: and he died (2725 B.C.).
15 And (Leo) Mahalaleel lived sixty and five years, and begat (Bootes) Jared (3500 B.C.):
16 And Mahalaleel lived after he begat Jared eight hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters (2670 B.C.):
17 And all the days of Mahalaleel were eight hundred ninety and five years: and he died (2670 B.C.).
18 And Jared (Bootes) lived an hundred sixty and two years, and he begat (Pisces) Enoch (3338 B.C.):
19 And Jared lived after he begat Enoch eight hundred years, and begat sons and daughters (2538 B.C.):
20 And all the days of Jared were nine hundred sixty and two years: and he died (2538 B.C.).
The name of this patriarch signifies "descending"; and, according to the Arabic writers (Elmacinus, & Patricides in ib. p. 235.), he had his name from the posterity of Seth, descending from the holy mountain in his time; for upon a noise being heard on the mountain, about an hundred men went down to the sons of Cain, contrary to the prohibition and dehortation of Jared, and mixed themselves with the daughters of Cain, which brought on the apostasy: when Jared was near his end, he called to him Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech, Noah, and their children, and said unto them, ye know what some have done, that they have gone down from the mountain, and have had conversation with the daughters of Cain, and have defiled themselves; take you care of your purity, and do not descend from the holy
The Book of jubilees, written in the latter part of the second century b.c., made use of this Hebrew etymology of the name, and connected it with the descending of angels upon the earth, when “the sons of God saw the daughters of men,” &c., Genesis 6:2. To suppose that it denotes “descent,” in the sense of “deterioration,” is very far fetched.
21 And Enoch (Pisces) lived sixty and five years, and begat (Orion) Methuselah (3273 B.C.):
22 And Enoch (Pisces) walked with God after he begat Methuselah three hundred years, and begat sons and daughters (2973 B.C.):
23 And all the days of Enoch (Pisces) were three hundred sixty and five years (2973 B.C.):
24 And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him.
Walking with God means walking by faith (2 Corinthians 5:7), walking in the light (1 John 1:5-7), and walking in agreement with God (Amos 3:3). After walking like this with God, it was as if one day God told Enoch, “You don’t need to walk home. Why don’t you just come home with Me?”
Hebrews 11:5 tells us the foundation of Enoch’s walk with God: By faith Enoch was taken away so that he did not see death, “and was not found, because God had taken him”; for before he was taken he had this testimony, that he pleased God. You can’t walk with God, or please God, apart from faith.
After he begot Methuselah, Enoch walked with God: It seems Enoch began to walk with God in a special way after the birth of Methuselah. The name Methuselah means, When he is dead, it shall come. At the birth of Methuselah, Enoch had a special awareness from God that judgment was coming, and this was one of the things that got him closer in his walk with God.
Jude 14 also tells us Enoch was a prophet; even from his vantage point long ago, he could see the second coming of Jesus (Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of His saints, to execute judgment on all, to convict all who are ungodly…).
This word is also used in the taking up of Elijah (2 Kings 2:9, 10; Ps. 73:24; 49:16).
For the only other instance in the O.T. of a Saint’s “translation,” see the story of Elijah (2 Kings 2). In the early Babylonian traditions, Xisuthros, the hero of the Babylonian Deluge story, is “translated” after the Deluge, that he may dwell among the gods.
Arabic writers (u) call him Edris, and say he was skilled in astronomy and other sciences, whom the Grecians say is the same with Hermes Trismegistus; and the Jews call him Metatron, the great scribe, as in the Targum of Jonathan: they say (w), that Adam delivered to him the secret of the intercalation of the year, and he delivered it to Noah, and that he was the first that composed books of astronomy (x); and so Eupolemus (y) says he was the first inventor of astrology, and not the Egyptians; and is the same the Greeks call Atlas, to whom they ascribe the invention of it. The apostle Jude speaks of him as a prophet, Jde 1:14 and the Jews say (z), that he was in a higher degree of prophecy than Moses and Elias; but the fragments that go under his name are spurious: there was a book ascribed to him, which is often referred to in the book of Zohar, but cannot be thought to be genuine.
(u) Elmacinus, Patricides, apud Hottinger. p. 239. 240. Abulpharag. Hist. Dynast. p. 9. (w) Juchasin, fol. 5. 1. Pirke Eliezer, c. 8. (x) Shalshalet Hakabala, fol. 74. 2.((y) Ut supra. (Apud Euseb. Evangel. Praepar. l. 9. c. 17. p. 419.) (z) Shalshalet Hakabala, fol. 1, 2.
25 And Methuselah (Orion) lived an hundred eighty and seven years, and begat (Ara) Lamech (3086 B.C.).
26 And Methuselah lived after he begat Lamech seven hundred eighty and two years, and begat sons and daughters (2304 B.C.):
27 And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and nine years: and he died (2304 B.C.).
28 And Lamech (Ara) lived an hundred eighty and two years, and begat a son (Orion) (2904 B.C.):
29 And he called his name Noah (Orion), saying, This same shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the Lord hath cursed.
30 And Lamech lived after he begat Noah five hundred ninety and five years, and begat sons and daughters (2309 B.C.):
31 And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy and seven years: and he died (2309 B.C.).
32 And Noah (Orion) was five hundred years old (2404 B.C.): and Noah begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
Ham was the younger son, see Genesis 9:24 and Shem was an hundred years old two years after the flood, Genesis 11:10 he must be born in the five hundred and second year of his father's age; so that it seems most probable that Japheth was the eldest son, and born in the five hundred and first year of his age.
The name of Japheth is retained in Greek and Latin authors, as Hesiod (g) Horace (h), and others (i), by whom he is called Japetos and Japetus.
(g) "Theogonia prope principium et passim". (h) Carmin. l. 1. Ode 3.((i) Apollodorus de Deorum Orig. l. 1. p. 2, 4. Ovid. Metamorph. l. 1. Fab. 2.