Ezekiel Chapter 29-32 Star Chart: Clockwise from Egypt's overthrow by Nebuchadnezzar in 570 B.C. till the deliverance by Cyrus in 530 B.C. of captives (Andromeda), was "forty years" (29:11). The siege of Tyre was brought to a close in the "twenty-seventh year" (29:17) of the captivity of Jehoiachin, 570 B.C., and must therefore have commenced in the year 583 B.C. But as St. Jerome says, “When the Tyrians saw that the works for carrying on the siege were perfected (but before the town was closely besieged -- comment mine), and the foundations of the walls were shaken, by the battering of the rams, whatsoever precious things in gold, silver, clothes, and various kinds of furniture, the nobility had, they put them on board their ships, and carried them to the islands; so that, the city being taken, Nebuchadnezzar found NOTHING worthy of his labour.”
Egypt in Prophecy
29:1 In the tenth year, in the tenth month, in the twelfth day of the month, the word of the Lord came unto me, saying,
2 Son of man, set thy face against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and prophesy against him, and against all Egypt:
3 Speak, and say, Thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I am against thee, Pharaoh king of Egypt, the great dragon (Cetus) that lieth in the midst of his (Eridanus and Aquarius) rivers, which hath said, My river is mine own, and I have made it for myself.
4 But I will put (lunar) hooks in thy jaws, and I will cause the (Pisces) fish of thy (Eridanus and Aquarius) rivers to stick unto thy scales, and I will bring thee up out of the midst of thy rivers, and all the (Pisces) fish of thy (Eridanus and Aquarius) rivers shall stick unto thy (solar and lunar) scales.
And all the fish of thy rivers shall stick unto thy scales; the common people of Egypt; for the above numerous army consisted only of Egyptians, whom he gathered from all parts, drained his rivers of them, and almost exhausted his country hereby; he had indeed in an army, after this battle with Amasis, thirty thousand auxiliaries, Carians and Ionians; but these were not the fish of his rivers. The Targum is, "I will make thy kingdom to cease from thee, and all the princes of thy strength with thy mighty ones shall be killed;'' with which the history agrees.
5 And I will leave thee (Cetus) thrown into the wilderness, thee and all the (Pisces and Picis Australis) fish of thy rivers: thou shalt fall upon the open fields; thou shalt not be brought together, nor gathered: I have given thee for (solar) meat to the (Aries) beasts of the field and to the fowls of the heaven.
And I will leave thee thrown into the wilderness, thee, and all the fish of thy rivers,.... Where fish in common cannot live, but die as soon almost as out of the water, and on dry land, excepting those that are of the amphibious kind. This wilderness designs the deserts of Lybia and Cyrene, where the battle was fought between Hophra and Amasis; and where the Egyptian army perished, only their king, before compared to a crocodile, which lives on land, as well as in water, escaped. The Targum is, "I will cast thee into a wilderness, and all the princes of thy strength:''
thou shalt fall upon the open fields thou shalt not be brought together, nor gathered, this is to he understood of his army; for what is proper to an army is sometimes ascribed to the head or general of it; which fell by the sword in the fields of Lybia and Cyrene and was so discomfited, that the remains of it could not be brought and gathered together again: or the sense is, that those that were slain were left in the open fields, and had no burial; they were not gathered to the grave, as Kimchi interprets it; and so the Targum,
"upon the face of the field thy carcass shall be cast; it shall not be gathered, nor shall it be buried:''
this was only true of the carcasses of the soldiers slain in battle, not of the king, who fled, and afterwards in another battle was taken by Amasis, and strangled in the city of Sais, where he was buried among his ancestors, as Herodotus relates: Euterpe, sive l. 2. c. 169.
The wilderness; the deserts of Libya and Cyrene.
All the fish; the whole army of Egyptians. Thou shalt fall upon the open fields; there was this king and his army ruined.
Thou shalt not be brought together, nor gathered, as usually the slain are to be buried; these were not buried, but left in the wilderness, where they fell to be a prey to wild beasts, and birds of prey which haunted the wilderness, and would soon gather to their prey.
6 And all the (Gemini) inhabitants of Egypt shall know that I am the Lord, because they have been a (red radius line) staff of reed to the house of Israel.
7 When they took hold of thee by thy hand, thou didst break, and rend all their shoulder: and when they leaned upon thee, thou brakest, and madest all their loins to be at a stand.
9 And the land of Egypt shall be desolate and waste; and they shall know that I am the Lord: because he hath said, The river is mine, and I have made it.
10 Behold, therefore I am against thee (Cetus), and against thy (Eridanus and Aquarius) rivers, and I will make the land of Egypt utterly waste and desolate, from the tower of Syene even unto the border of Ethiopia.
11 No (solar) foot of man shall pass through it, nor (lunar) foot of beast shall pass through it, neither shall it be inhabited forty years (570-530).
Neither shall it be inhabited forty years: accounting these years from the first wastings of Egypt by their civil dissensions and wars, some nine or ten years before Nebuchadnezzar subdued and wasted it, which he did in the thirty-fifth, thirty-sixth, and thirty-seventh years of his reign (570-568 B.C.), or thereabout. So that these forty years will fall in about the thirtieth year of Jeconiah’s captivity, and end with the seventieth year of the captivity, which was the first of Cyrus.
12 And I will make the land of Egypt desolate in the midst of the countries that are desolate, and her cities among the cities that are laid waste shall be desolate forty years: and I will scatter the (Gemini) Egyptians among the nations, and will disperse them through the countries.
and I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and will disperse them through the countries; such as were not carried captive into Babylon fled into other countries, as Arabia, Ethiopia, and other places, Berosus makes mention of this captivity of the Egyptians under Nebuchadnezzar the son, which no other writer does. (Apud Joseph. Antiqu. l. 10. c. 11. sect. 1.)
13 Yet thus saith the Lord God; At the end of forty years will I gather the (Gemini) Egyptians from the people whither they were scattered:
14 And I will bring again the captivity of Egypt, and will cause them to return into the land of Pathros, into the land of their habitation; and they shall be there a base kingdom (tributary).
1. Egypt became tributary to the Babylonians under Amasis.
2. After the ruin of the Babylonish empire, it became subject to the Persians.
3. After the Persians, it came into the hands of the Macedonians.
4. After the Macedonians it fell into the hands of the Romans.
5. After the division of the Roman empire it was subdued by the Saracens.
6. About a.d. 1250, it came into the hands of the Mameluke slaves.
7. Selim, the ninth emperor of the Turks, conquered the Mamelukes, a.d. 1517, and annexed Egypt to the Ottoman empire, of which it still continues to be a province, governed by a pacha and twenty-four beys, who are always advanced from servitude to the administration of public affairs. So true is it that Egypt, once so glorious, is the basest of kingdoms. See Newton on the prophecies.
15 It shall be the basest of the kingdoms; neither shall it exalt itself any more above the nations: for I will diminish them, that they shall no more rule over the nations.
(x) Written about 1730. Editor. (y) See all this at large, with the proofs of it, in Dr. Newton's Dissertations on Prophecies, from p. 382. to 394.
16 And it shall be no more the confidence of the house of Israel, which bringeth their iniquity to remembrance, when they shall look after them: but they shall know that I am the Lord God.
17 And it came to pass in the seven and twentieth year, in the first month, in the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came unto me, saying,
The first month; part of our March and April.
18 Son of man, Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon caused his army to serve a great service against Tyrus: every head was made (solar) bald, and every shoulder was (lunar) peeled: yet had he no wages, nor his army, for Tyrus, for the service that he had served against it:
Caused his army to serve a great service against Tyrus - He was thirteen years employed in the siege. See Joseph. Antiq. lib. 10 c. 11. In this siege his soldiers endured great hardships. Being continually on duty, their heads became bald by wearing their helmets; and their shoulders bruised and peeled by carrying baskets of earth to the fortifications, and wood, etc., to build towers, etc.
the commencement of that siege to the fourteenth year of Jehoiachin's captivity, circ. B.C. 586, two years after the destruction of Jerusalem. This agrees with the report of the Tyrian Annals given by Josephus ('Contra Apion,' 1:21), who gives the names of the kings of Tyro from Ithobal to Hirom, in the fourteenth year of whose reign Cyrus became King of Persia. Josephus, however, gives the seventh, in. stead of the seventeenth, year of Nebuchadnezzar as the date of the beginning of the siege.
19 Therefore thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I will give the land of Egypt unto (Cepheus) Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon; and he shall take her multitude, and take her spoil, and take her prey; and it shall be the wages for his army.
20 I have given him the land of Egypt for his labour wherewith he served against it, because they wrought for me, saith the Lord God.
21 In that day will I cause the (lunar) horn of the house of Israel to bud forth, and I will give thee the (crescent) opening of the mouth in the midst of them; and they shall know that I am the Lord.
30:1 The word of the Lord came again unto me, saying,
2 Son of man, prophesy and say, Thus saith the Lord God; Howl ye, Woe worth the day!
3 For the day is near, even the day of the Lord is near, a cloudy day; it shall be the time of the heathen.
4 And the sword shall come upon Egypt, and great pain shall be in Ethiopia, when the slain shall fall in Egypt, and they shall take away her multitude, and her foundations shall be broken down.
5 Ethiopia, and Libya, and Lydia, and all the mingled (black Gemini) people, and Chub, and the (Gemini) men of the land that is in league, shall fall with them by the sword.
6 Thus saith the Lord; They also that uphold Egypt shall fall; and the pride of her power shall come down: from the tower of Syene shall they fall in it by the (red radius and lunar) sword, saith the Lord God.
7 And they shall be desolate in the midst of the countries that are desolate, and her cities shall be in the midst of the cities that are wasted.
8 And they shall know that I am the Lord, when I have set a (solar) fire in Egypt, and when all her (Gemini) helpers shall be destroyed.
9 In that day shall (Gemini) messengers go forth from me in (Argo) ships to make the careless (Black gemini) Ethiopians afraid, and great pain shall come upon them, as in the day of Egypt: for, lo, it cometh.
10 Thus saith the Lord God; I will also make the multitude of Egypt to cease by the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon (570 B.C.).
11 He and his (Gemini) people with him, the terrible of the nations, shall be brought to destroy the land: and they shall draw their (red radius) swords against Egypt, and fill the land with the slain.
12 And I will make the (Eridanus and Aquarius) rivers dry, and sell the land into the hand of the wicked: and I will make the land waste, and all that is therein, by the hand of (Gemini) strangers: I the Lord have spoken it.
13 Thus saith the Lord God; I will also destroy the (Gemini) idols, and I will cause their (Gemini) images to cease out of Noph; and there shall be no more a (Cepheus or Cassiopeia) prince of the land of Egypt: and I will put a fear in the land of Egypt.
Not one, from that time to the present day.
14 And I will make Pathros desolate, and will set (solar) fire in Zoan, and will execute judgments in No.
15 And I will pour my fury upon Sin, the strength of Egypt; and I will cut off the multitude of No.
16 And I will set (solar) fire in Egypt: Sin (Cetus) shall have great (red radius spear) pain, and No shall be rent asunder, and Noph shall have distresses daily.
17 The young (Gemini) men of Aven and of Pibeseth shall fall by the sword: and these cities shall go into captivity.
18 At Tehaphnehes also the day shall be darkened, when I shall break there the (crescent) yokes of Egypt: and the pomp of her strength shall cease in her: as for her, a cloud shall cover her, and her (Andromeda and Cassiopeia) daughters shall go into captivity.
19 Thus will I execute judgments in Egypt: and they shall know that I am the Lord.
20 And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first month, in the seventh day of the month, that the word of the Lord came unto me, saying,
21 Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt (red radius line through arm of Cepheus); and, lo, it shall not be bound up to be healed, to put a roller to bind it, to make it strong to hold the (Perseus red radius) sword.
22 Therefore thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I am against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and will (red radius) break his arms, the (Perseus) strong, and that which was (red radius) broken; and I will cause the sword to fall out of his (Perseus) hand.
23 And I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and will disperse them through the countries.
24 And I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon (Cepheus), and put my sword in his (Perseus) hand: but I will break (Cepheus) Pharaoh's arms, and he shall groan before him with the groanings of a deadly wounded man.
25 But I will strengthen the arms of the (Cepheus) king of Babylon, and the arms of (Cepheus) Pharaoh shall fall down; and they shall know that I am the Lord, when I shall put my sword into the hand of the (Cepheus) king of Babylon, and he shall stretch it out upon the land of Egypt.
26 And I will scatter the (Gemini) Egyptians among the nations, and disperse them among the countries; and they shall know that I am the Lord.
31:1 And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the third month, in the first day of the month, that the word of the Lord came unto me, saying,
2 Son of man, speak unto (Cepheus) Pharaoh king of Egypt, and to his (Gemini) multitude; Whom art thou like in thy greatness?
3 Behold, the Assyrian was a (green Milky Way) cedar in Lebanon with fair (red radius) branches, and with a shadowing (black Zodiac) shroud, and of an high stature; and his top was among the thick boughs.
4 The (Eridanus and Aquarius) waters made him great, the deep set him up on high with her rivers running round about his plants, and sent her little rivers unto all the trees of the field (nations of the world).
5 Therefore his height was exalted above all the trees of the field (nations of the world), and his boughs were multiplied, and his branches became long because of the multitude of waters, when he shot forth.
6 All the (Zodiac) fowls of heaven (nations of the world) made their nests in his boughs, and under his (red radius) branches did all the (Zodiac) beasts of the field (nations of the world) bring forth their young, and under his shadow dwelt all great nations.
7 Thus was he fair in his greatness, in the length of his branches: for his root was by great waters.
8 The cedars in the garden of God could not hide him: the fir trees were not like his boughs, and the chestnut trees were not like his branches; nor any tree in the garden of God was like unto him in his beauty.
9 I have made him fair by the multitude of his branches: so that all the trees of Eden, that were in the garden of God, envied him.
10 Therefore thus saith the Lord God; Because thou hast lifted up thyself in height, and he hath shot up his top among the thick boughs, and his heart is lifted up in his height;
11 I have therefore delivered him into the hand of the mighty one of the heathen (Nebuchadrezzar); he shall surely deal with him: I have driven him out for his wickedness.
12 And strangers, the terrible of the nations, have cut him off, and have left him: upon the mountains and in all the valleys his branches are fallen, and his boughs are broken by all the (Eridanus and Aquarius) rivers of the land; and all the people of the earth are gone down from his shadow, and have left him.
13 Upon his ruin shall all the (Zodiac) fowls of the heaven (nations of the world) remain, and all the (Zodiac) beasts of the field (nations of the world) shall be upon his branches:
14 To the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves for their height, neither shoot up their top among the thick boughs, neither their trees stand up in their height, all that drink water: for they are all delivered unto death, to the nether parts of the earth, in the midst of the (Gemini) children of men, with them that go down to the (lunar) pit.
Don't exalt yourself.
15 Thus saith the Lord God; In the day when he went down to the grave I caused a mourning: I covered the deep for him, and I restrained the floods thereof, and the great waters were stayed: and I caused Lebanon to mourn for him, and all the trees of the field (nations of the world) fainted for him.
16 I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast him down to hell with them that descend into the (lunar) pit: and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that drink water, shall be comforted in the nether parts of the earth.
17 They also went down into hell with him unto them that be slain with the sword; and they that were his arm, that dwelt under his shadow in the midst of the heathen.
18 To whom art thou thus like in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden? yet shalt thou be brought down with the trees of Eden unto the nether parts of the earth: thou shalt lie in the midst of the uncircumcised with them that be slain by the sword (Cetus). This is Pharaoh and all his (Pisces and Picis Australis) multitude, saith the Lord God.
32:1 And it came to pass in the twelfth year, in the twelfth month, in the first day of the month, that the word of the Lord came unto me, saying,
2 Son of man, take up a lamentation for (Cetus) Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say unto him, Thou art like a young lion (Cetus) of the nations, and thou art as a (Cetus) whale in the seas: and thou camest forth with thy (Pisces and Picis Australis) rivers, and troubledst the waters with thy (Cetus) feet, and fouledst their (Eridanus and Aquarius) rivers.
3 Thus saith the Lord God; I will therefore spread out my (red radius) net over thee with a company of many (Gemini) people; and they shall bring thee up in my (red radius) net.
4 Then will I leave thee upon the land, I will cast thee forth upon the open field, and will cause all the fowls of the heaven to remain upon thee, and I will fill the beasts of the whole earth with thee.
5 And I will lay thy flesh upon the (red radius line) mountains, and fill the (red radius line) valleys with thy height.
6 I will also water with thy (red radius line) blood the land wherein thou swimmest (Cetus, Pisces and Picis Australis), even to the mountains; and the rivers shall be full of thee.
7 And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a (Milky Way) cloud, and the moon shall not give her light.
8 All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee, and set darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord God.
9 I will also vex the hearts of many (Gemini) people, when I shall bring thy destruction among the nations, into the countries which thou hast not known.
10 Yea, I will make many (Gemini) people amazed at thee, and their (Gemini) kings shall be horribly afraid for thee, when I shall brandish my (red radius) sword before them; and they shall tremble at every moment, every man for his own life, in the day of thy fall (570 B.C.).
11 For thus saith the Lord God; The (red radius) sword of the king of Babylon shall come upon thee.
12 By the swords of the mighty will I cause thy multitude to fall, the terrible of the nations, all of them: and they shall spoil the pomp of Egypt, and all the multitude thereof shall be destroyed.
13 I will destroy also all the (Zodiac) beasts thereof from beside the (Eridanus and Aquarius) great waters; neither shall the foot of man trouble them any more, nor the hoofs of beasts trouble them.
14 Then will I make their waters deep, and cause their rivers to run like oil, saith the Lord God.
15 When I shall make the land of Egypt desolate, and the country shall be destitute of that whereof it was full, when I shall smite all them that dwell therein, then shall they know that I am the Lord.
16 This is the lamentation wherewith they shall lament her: the (Gemini) daughters of the nations shall lament her: they shall lament for her, even for Egypt, and for all her multitude, saith the Lord God.
17 It came to pass also in the twelfth year, in the fifteenth day of the month, that the word of the Lord came unto me, saying,
18 Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down, even her, and the (Andromeda and Cassiopeia) daughters of the famous (Gemini) nations, unto the nether parts of the earth, with them that go down into the (lunar) pit.
19 Whom dost thou pass in beauty? go down, and be thou laid with the uncircumcised (no red radius line through sun) .
20 They shall fall in the midst of them that are slain by the sword: she is delivered to the sword: draw her and all her multitudes.
21 The strong among the mighty shall speak to him out of the midst of hell with them that help him: they are gone down, they lie uncircumcised, slain by the sword.
22 Asshur is there and all her company: his (black Zodiac) graves are about him: all of them slain, fallen by the (red radius) sword:
23 Whose graves are set in the sides of the (lunar) pit, and her company is round about her grave: all of them slain, fallen by the (red radius) sword, which caused terror in the land of the living.
24 There is Elam and all her multitude round about her grave, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which are gone down uncircumcised (no red radius line through sun) into the nether parts of the earth, which caused their terror in the land of the living; yet have they borne their (red radius line) shame with them that go down to the (lunar) pit.
25 They have set her a bed in the midst of the slain with all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword: though their terror was caused in the land of the living, yet have they borne their (red radius line) shame with them that go down to the (lunar) pit: he is put in the midst of them that be slain.
26 There is Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graves are round about him (black Zodiac): all of them uncircumcised (no red radius line through sun), slain by the (red radius) sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.
27 And they shall not lie with the mighty that are fallen of the uncircumcised, which are gone down to hell with their weapons of war: and they have laid their swords under their heads, but their iniquities shall be upon their bones, though they were the terror of the mighty in the land of the living.
28 Yea, thou shalt be broken in the midst of the uncircumcised, and shalt lie with them that are slain with the sword.
29 There is Edom, her (Gemini) kings, and all her (Gemini) princes, which with their might are laid by them that were slain by the (red radius) sword: they shall lie with the uncircumcised (no red radius line through sun), and with them that go down to the (lunar) pit.
30 There be the (Gemini) princes of the north, all of them, and all the (Gemini) Zidonians, which are gone down with the slain; with their terror they are (red radius line) ashamed of their might; and they lie uncircumcised with them that be slain by the sword, and bear their (red radius) shame with them that go down to the (lunar) pit.
31 Pharaoh (Cetus) shall see them, and shall be comforted over all his multitude, even Pharaoh (Cetus) and all his (Pisces and Picis Australis) army slain by the (red radius) sword, saith the Lord God.
32 For I have caused my terror in the land of the living: and he shall be laid in the midst of the uncircumcised with them that are slain with the sword, even Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord God.