On "the EIGHTH DAY shall be an HOLY CONVOCATION ("rehearsal" -- #4744) unto you ... it is a SOLEMN ASSEMBLY; and ye shall do NO SERVILE WORK therein.... on the EIGHTH DAY shall be a SABBATH" (Lev.23:36,39). "On the EIGHTH DAY ye shall have a SOLEMN ASSEMBLY; ye shall do NO SERVILE WORK therein" (Num.29:35). "On the EIGHTH DAY was a SOLEMN ASSEMBLY, according to the manner" (Neh.8:18; cp. Ezra 3:4).
What Does The Eighth Day Mean?
The Bible teaches that the father must circumcise his son on the EIGHTH DAY. The baby's fleshly foreskin is cut off and thrown away on that day which echoes the time after the 7th millenial day of rest when the second resurrection from human to spirit beings occurs. All human flesh will at that time be cut off and thrown away. All will be composed of SPIRIT (circumcised) (1Cor 15:22-26;Rom 6:23).
A leper was to remain outside his tent SEVEN DAYS (Lev. 14:8). On the EIGHTH DAY he was presented before the Lord. Also the firstborn of any animal was to remain with its mother for SEVEN DAYS. On the EIGHTH DAY it was brought to God as an offering (Ex.22:30). These verses typify misguided mankind being resurrected after 7000 years and brought to God's truth. This will be the beginning of the eighth millenium typified by the EIGHTH DAY.
Debts were released to Israelites at the end of every SEVEN YEARS (Deut. 15:1). In the EIGHTH YEAR they could begin again debt-free unless they were foreigners (Deut. 15:3). These verses typify misguided mankind being resurrected after 7000 years and having their sins forgiven. In the eighth millenium they can begin again unless they refuse to repent.
Also, the reading of the law is commanded at the end of SEVEN YEARS (Deut. 31:10) -- in the EIGHTH YEAR. This verse typifies humanity resurrected after 7000 years and commanded to read the law of God -- beginning in the eighth millenium.
Why Do We Rejoice in the Law?
Jesus was questioned by the scribes and Pharisees regarding a woman taken in adultery (John 8:1-11) on this EIGHTH DAY known as "REJOICING in the TORAH." (Simchat Torah). They said she should be stoned to death. Jesus wrote their names and sins in the temple earth because "they who depart from me shall be written in the earth" (Jer. 17:13) and mentally gave them "of the dust that is in the floor of the tabernacle" to drink (Num.5:11-31). Then he said to them, "He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her" (8:7). Her accusers all walked away, so Jesus said, "Woman, where are those thine accusers? Hath no man condemned thee? She said, No man, Lord. And Jesus said unto her, Neither do I condemn thee; go, and sin no more" (8:10-11). Jesus' mercy is one reason we can REJOICE in the LAW.
Jesus is the Menorah Light of the World
The "last ... great day" (John 7:37) was the seventh day of the Feast of Sukkot -- Hoshanah Rabbah (meaning "Save Us"). Then on the EIGHTH DAY "early in the morning (when it was still dark, except for the LIGHT of the temple), he came again into the temple and all the people came unto him; and he sat down, and taught them...." (John 8:2). The EIGHTH DAY (2 Macc.10:6; Ant.3:10:4) is referred to as a "sabbath day" in John 9:14, confirming the fact that it is the EIGHTH DAY of Leviticus 23:39.
On the EIGHTH DAY, three golden CANDELABRAS, with four bowls each, were in the Court of the Women and LIT UP not only the temple area but also every court in Jerusalem (pp.283-285, Edersheim's Temple; Sukkah 5:3). What did Jesus teach them on this EIGHTH DAY? "Then spoke Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the LIGHT of the world; he that followeth me shall not walk in DARKNESS, but shall have the LIGHT of life" (John 8:12; cp.9:5 & 12:46). Then Jesus healed a man born BLIND (John 9) typifying the BLIND condition of LOST ISRAEL (Isa. 42:19; 44:1) and the WORLD in general which will be healed fully on this day. "And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world, that they who SEE NOT (LOST TEN TRIBES and the whole WORLD) might SEE; and that they who SEE (the JEWS), might be made BLIND" (John 9:39). In other words, CHRISTIANITY has been accepted by BLIND ISRAEL and many GENTILES -- "the babes" -- but has been rejected by most JEWS -- the"wise and prudent" -- who obey the law (Matt.11:25; 1 Cor.1:26-29).
The light was seen as a symbol of the Shekinah Glory in the Holy of Holies (1 Ki. 8:10-11; Ez.43:5). "The people that walked in DARKNESS have seen a great LIGHT; they that dwell in the land of the SHADOW of death, upon them hath the LIGHT shined" (Isa.9:2). Jewish Christians are "sons of LIGHT" (John 12:36). "Arise, SHINE; for thy LIGHT is come, and the GLORY of the Eternal is risen upon thee" (Isa.60:1). The EIGHTH DAY symbolizes a time when the truth will be ILLUMINATED for all who have been spiritually BLIND.
Why No Sukkah?
Now if the HUMAN BODY is a SUKKAH (2 Pet. 1:14; 2 Cor. 5:1,4), and if LIVING IN SUKKAHS during the SEVENTH MONTH pictures GOD LIVING IN HUMANS during the MILLENIUM, then it follows that the EIGHTH DAY when we NO longer LIVE IN SUKKAHS must picture a time AFTER the MILLENIUM when all HUMANS have either been DESTROYED or made IMMORTAL. If there are NO SUKKAHS then there are NO HUMANS. "On the EIGHTH DAY he (Solomon) sent the PEOPLE AWAY " (1 Kings 8:66).
After "the heavens ... vanish away like smoke, and the earth" grows "old like a garment, and they that dwell therein shall DIE in like manner (dismantling the SUKKAH)" (Isa.51:6), God will "create new heavens and a new earth (the PERMANENT HOME the bride moves into after the seven-day wedding feast), and the former shall not be remembered, nor come to mind" (Isa.65:17). And "as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shall remain before me, saith the Eternal, so shall your seed and your name remain" (Isa.66:22). Yes, "the heavens, being on fire, shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat ... Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, in which dwelleth RIGHTEOUSNESS" (2 Pet.3:13; cp. Ps.102:25-28; Heb.1:10-12). "And I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away, and there was no more sea" (Rev.21:1).
"And I, John, saw the holy city, new Jerusalem (the PERMANENT HOME after dismantling the SUKKAH), coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband" (Rev.21:2). Behold "I create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her people a joy. And I will rejoice in Jerusalem, and joy in my people; and the voice of weeping shall no more be heard in her, nor the voice of crying" (Isa.65:18-19). "Awake, awake (to the resurrection to life); put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city; for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the UNCIRCUMCISED and the UNCLEAN. Shake thyself from the dust, arise (from your graves in a resurrection), and sit down, O Jerusalem" (Isa.52:1-2; cp. Rev.21:10--27 & Gal.4:26). This is the time of the "restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began" (Acts 3:21).
After this, perhaps God will "plant the heavens" (Isa.51:16) with immortal sons and daughters of God creating new worlds on other planets since there will be no end to the increase of God's government and family (Isa.9:7). There may be more significance than most people realize to the fact that JEWISH CHRISTIANS are compared with STARS (Dan.8:10; 12:3; 1 Cor.15:38-41; see also Ps.147:4).
When we move BACK into PERMANENT HOUSES on this day from
How Will Mankind Be Judged?
The sheep (WHEAT) are separated from the goats (WEEDS) by a 1000-year Millenium (Matt.25:32). The parable of the Talents illustrates different rewards based on different productivity in this life (Matt.25) while the parable of the Laborers illustrates that we all get an equal share of salvation (Matt.20). "For we must all appear before the JUDGMENT SEAT of Christ, that everyone may receive the things DONE in his body, according to that he hath DONE, whether it be
GOODor BAD" (2 Cor.5:10). God "will render to every man according to his DEEDS: To them who by patient continuance in WELL-DOING seek for glory and honor and immortality, ETERNAL LIFE; But unto them that are CONTENTIOUS, and DO NOT OBEY the TRUTH, but obey UNRIGHTEOUSNESS, indignation and wrath" (Rom.2:6-8). Christ will be "the JUDGE of quick (living) and dead" (Acts 10:42). "But I say unto you that every IDLE WORD that men shall speak, they shall GIVE ACCOUNT of it in the day of judgment. For by thy WORDS thou shalt be JUSTIFIED, and by thy WORDS thou shalt be CONDEMNED" (Matt.12:36-37). Therefore, "he that REFRAINETH his LIPS is WISE" (Pr.10:19; 17:27). "God trieth the hearts and reins" (Ps.7:9). "For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them (gives them life), even so the Son quickeneth (gives life to) whom he will. For the Father JUDGETH NO MAN, but hath committed all JUDGMENT unto the Son" (John 5:21-22). "Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and KEEP HIS COMMANDMENTS; for this is the whole duty of man. For God shall bring EVERY WORK into JUDGMENT, with every SECRET thing, whether it be GOOD, or whether it be EVIL" (Eccl.12:14). "To give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings" (Jer. 17:10). "For nothing is SECRET, that shall not be MADE MANIFEST; neither any thing HIDDEN, that shall not be KNOWN and come abroad (to light)" (Luke 8:17). We are saved by grace, but REWARDED according to our WORKS. Our daily thoughts, words and deeds count for eternity. What are we living for -- self, money, power, fame or God?
Judgment Day For The Majority Of Mankind
A prophecy explaining the fulfillment of this day says that "the REST of the DEAD lived not again UNTIL the thousand years were FINISHED" (Rev.20:5). Then John says, "And I saw a GREAT WHITE THRONE, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away, and there was found no place for them. And I saw the DEAD small and great, STAND before God, and the BOOKS were OPENED (The books -- "biblos" -- of the Bible were opened to their understanding is one interpretation. Another is that these are the book of the righteous, the book of the wicked and the book of remembrance); and another book was opened, which is the book of life. And the DEAD were JUDGED out of those things which were written in the books according to their WORKS" (Rev.20:11-13). Yes, "the JUDGMENT was SET (the court was seated), and the BOOKS were OPENED" (Dan.7:10). As John 12:48 says, "He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that JUDGETH him: the WORD that I have spoken, the SAME shall JUDGE him in the LAST DAY." (The EIGHTH DAY). Jews recite Yizkor -- prayers for the dead -- on this day (see Midrash Pesikta 20).
All HUMANITY has been CUT OFF from God for 6000 YEARS since Adam and Eve chose the tree of the knowledge of good and evil rather than RELYING ON GOD to tell them what was good or evil. Adam chose death rather than life. Since Adam REJECTED God's KNOWLEDGE, God CUT MAN OFF from that REVEALED KNOWLEDGE -- except for a very FEW. God wants humanity to learn the bitter lesson by experience that SIN DOESN'T PAY and that His ways and methods are the best. The first 6000 YEARS represent the first SIX DAYS of the week when man toils and goes HIS OWN WAY and does his own thing. The seventh 1000-YEAR PERIOD is God's SABBATH of rest when men will learn God's ways. From then on, nobody will be cut off from God. God is RESPONSIBLE for BLINDING humanity now, but Satan is the one to BLAME (Rev.12:9). Once a person KNOWS BETTER, yet CONTINUES in sin, he cannot claim IGNORANCE as a excuse and must bear part of the BLAME also.
God has chosen to save humanity in THREE successive STAGES or three judgment periods, each at a different time. Three separate groups -- "THREE measures of MEAL" (Luke 13:20-21). The first group consists of JEWISH CHRISTIANS who are being JUDGED NOW. "For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God" (1 Pet.4:17; Rom.8:14). Those who qualify will be resurrected to immortal life at the end of this 6000 YEARS (1 Cor.15:23). The second group consists of all HUMANS LIVING DURING the 1000-year MILLENIUM when the "saints shall judge the world" (1 Cor.6:2). The third group consists of ALL THE REST of humanity who have lived and died without ever knowing the plan of salvation (Matt.10:14-15; 11:21-25; 12:41-42). They will be resurrected back to physical life (Ez.37:1-14) in a 100-YEAR period (Isa.65:20) AFTER the Millenium (Rev.20:5). They will also be "JUDGED every man according to their works" (Rev.20:13) and then resurrected or destroyed along with the second group (Rev.20:15). As Isaiah 65:20 says, "There no child shall ever again die an infant, no old man fail to live out his life; every boy shall live his HUNDRED YEARS before he dies, a sinner a HUNDRED YEARS old shall be accursed" (NEB; Rhm). As Christ said, "the hour is coming, in which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, And shall come forth: they that have done good, unto THE RESURRECTION of LIFE (the first resurrection to immortality); and they that have done evil, unto THE RESURRECTION of DAMNATION (lit. "judgment") (the resurrection to mortality)" (John 5:28-29). In Revelation 20:4-6 we read that John "saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and who had not worshipped the beast ... and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years. (But the REST OF THE DEAD lived not again until the THOUSAND YEARS WERE FINISHED.) This is the FIRST RESURRECTION. Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the FIRST RESURRECTION; on such the second death hath no power." Again we see TWO RESURRECTIONS one thousand years apart. The first to IMMORTALITY and the second to MORTALITY. "And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to EVERLASTING LIFE (first resurrection after 6000 years) and some to shame and EVERLASTING CONTEMPT" (second
Judah went up first to battle (Judges 1:1-2). The "oracles of God" were committed to Jews (Rom.3:2). True Christians are called Jews (Rom.2:29), and Jews were the last to go into captivity. Even Messiah was incarnated as a Jew (John 4:9; Heb.7:14; Rev.5:5). But even Judah became corrupt.
As God said, "Sodom, thy sister, hath not done, she nor her daughters, as thou ("Jerusalem" -- Ez.16:3) hath done, thou and thy daughters... Neither hath Samaria committed HALF of THY SINS, but thou hast multiplied thine abominations MORE THAN THEY, and hast JUSTIFIED thy sisters in all thine abominations which thou hast done.... thou hast committed MORE ABOMINATIONS than they; they are MORE RIGH-TEOUS than thou ... When I shall bring again their captivity (from death in the second resurrection on the EIGHTH DAY), the captivity of Sodom and her daughters, and the captivity of Samaria and her daughters, then will I bring again the captivity of thy captives in the midst of them ... When thy sisters, Sodom and her daughters shall return to their former estate, and Samaria and her daughters shall return to their former estate, then thou and thy daughters shall return to your former estate" (Ez.16:48-55) during the WHITE THRONE JUDGMENT period of one hundred years called the EIGHTH DAY.
In Ezekiel 37, we read that Ezekiel was placed "in the midst of the valley which was full of bones ... there were very many in the open valley; and, lo, they were very dry. And he said unto me, Son of man, can these bones live? ... I will lay sinews upon you, and will bring up flesh upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you ... Then he said ... these bones are the whole HOUSE OF ISRAEL; behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our HOPE IS LOST; we are cut off for our parts (from God). Therefore, prophesy and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord God: Behold, O my people, I will open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, and bring you into the land of
Israel.... And shall put my Spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land; then shall ye know that I, the Eternal, have spoken it, and performed it, saith the Eternal" (Ez.37:1-14).
Virtually all of the Old Testament Israelites died WITHOUT ever RECEIVING God's HOLY SPIRIT. They had some knowledge of the plan of salvation (Heb.4:2), but lacked the faith and obedience (Deut.5:29). They weren't promised salvation. They thought THEY WERE LOST, but they just WEREN'T JUDGED yet. The resurrection at the end of the Millenium is clearly a resurrection back to PHYSICAL LIFE of BONES and FLESH. "On Sukkot Israel was commanded to offer 70 bullocks for the atonement of the 70 Gentile nations; but on Shemini Atzeret, God enjoined only one bullock for the sake of Israel" (Pesikta Buber p. 193). Perhaps this means that unconverted Israel will be resurrected to physical life after all the other nations. "So the last shall be first, and the first last; for many are called, but few chosen" (Matt. 20:16).
"Hath God cast away his people? God forbid.... Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election (the church) hath obtained it, and the rest were BLINDED ... For if the casting away of them be the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead? (on the EIGHTH DAY) ... BLINDNESS in part is happened to Israel, until the fullness (full number) of the Gentiles be come in. And so all Israel shall be saved; as it is written, There shall come out of Zion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob ... How unsearchable are his JUDGMENTS" (Rom.11:1-33). Yes, God has THREE JUDGMENT PERIODS and Israel will be in the LAST of those THREE JUDGMENT PERIODS and have her BLINDNESS cured by Jesus Christ. This will be the large FALL FRUIT HARVEST.
"But many that are FIRST shall be LAST, and the LAST shall be FIRST" (Matt.19:30). Christ was not only talking about those who give up the wealth and power and pleasures of this world receiving a reward later (Matt.19:29; 6:33), but was also speaking about those who were BORN TO PHYSICAL LIFE FIRST, many before the first coming of Jesus Christ -- who have not yet had the chance to learn the truth and obey it. Their chance is coming, but they will be called LAST. God only called a comparative few in Old Testament times. We who were BORN
EVERYBODY then ALIVE. After 7000 YEARS, EVERYBODY who ever lived in ignorance will be resurrected back to physical life and offered salvation. "For the kingdom of heaven is like a man ... who went out EARLY in the MORNING to hire laborers into his vineyard. And when he had agreed with the laborers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard. And he went out about the THIRD HOUR, and saw others standing idle in the market place, And he said unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard, and whatever is right, I will give you.... Again he went out about the SIXTH AND NINTH HOUR, and did likewise.... So when even (evening) was come, the lord of the vineyard saith unto his steward, Call the laborers, and give them their hire, beginning from the LAST FIRST. And when they came that were hired about the ELEVENTH HOUR, they received every man a penny. But when the FIRST came, they supposed that they should have received more; and they likewise received every man a penny. And when they had received it, they murmured ... Saying, These LAST have wrought (worked) but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, who have borne the burden and heat of the day. But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong. Didst not thou agree with me for a penny? ... Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? ... So the LAST shall be FIRST, and the FIRST LAST; for many are called, but few chosen" (Matt.20:1-16).
Yes, the FIRSTBORN of an animal was always reserved for God. However, the owner had to leave it with its mother for SEVEN DAYS (7000 years). On the EIGHTH DAY it was brought to God as an offering (Ex.22:30). Those born LATER, AFTER the first coming of Christ, will be given salvation FIRST (the penny), BEFORE those born PRIOR to the first coming of Christ. Also, those converted LATE in their lives will be given salvation (the penny) to the same extent as those converted EARLY in their lives. In addition to salvation, the penny may also symbolize being rewarded according to our works (Matt.16:27). Thus we know that God will reward us all based on WHAT WE DO with WHAT WE HAVE (Matt. 25:14-30; Luke 19:11-27) in the TIME we have each been GIVEN (Matt.20:1-16). We're SAVED by his GRACE but REWARDED according to our WORKS.
Abib 1 and Tishri 1 parallel eachother. Both begin the new year. Passover and Atonement both parallel Messiah's sacrifice. Unleavened Bread and Sukkot both parallel the journey from Egypt to the Promised Land. Pentecost ends the grain harvest just as the Eighth Day ends the fruit and nut harvest. The Old Covenant physical marriage fulfilled the spring festivals and the New Covenant spiritual marriage will fulfill the fall festivals. The small grain harvest fulfilled the spring festivals and the large fruit harvest will fulfill the fall festivals. The Messiah's first coming fulfilled the spring festivals and Messiah's second coming will fulfill the fall festivals.Next Lesson: A History of the True Church (Ephesus to Pergamos -- 96 to 703A.D.) (Rev. 1 - 2) | Back to Home | Email Us