DAN (meaning "Judge") moved to Egypt with one son Hushim (Gen.46:23) who was also known as "Shuham" (Num.26:42-43). Two of Shusham's descendants were called DANAUS and Cadmus. "DANAUS ... after his father's death, reigned conjointly with his brother Aegyptus on the throne of Egypt. Sometime after, a difference arose between the brothers, and DANAUS set sail ... He ... arrived safe on the coast of Peloponnesus where he was hospitably received by Gelanor king of Argos" (p.192, Lempriere). Greek history tells us that DANAUS and Cadmus fled from Egypt and arrived in Greece at the same time as the exodus of the Israelites under Moses from Egypt (History Of The World, Petanius).
Fasti Hellenici, the Greek chronology by Clinton, says that Cadmus' expedition occurred 310 years before the fall of Troy in 1183 B.C. (pp.85,140), hence about 1493 B.C. "Those who set forth with Danaus ... from Egypt, settled ... Argos" (Diod. Sic. 1:28). The "Tuatha De DANAAN ("tribe of DAN") came originally from Greece ... Having to flee from Greece on account of a Syrian invasion (Assyrian?) they proceeded to Scandinavia. Under Nuadu Airgetlaim they moved to Scotland, and finally arrived in Ireland (A.M. 3303 or 701 B.C.), bringing with them ... the celebrated Lia Fail ("stone of destiny") which they set up at Tara" (14:757d). Anciently, the "peoples of the sea" were partly composed of "DANAOI" (9:85d).
Hecateus of Abdera (6th century B.C.) says that the Egyptians, formerly being troubled by calamities, in order that the divine wrath might be averted, expelled all the aliens gathered together in Egypt. "Once, when a pestilence had broken out in Egypt, the cause of the visitation was generally ascribed to the anger of the gods. As many strangers dwelt in Egypt, and observed different customs in religion and sacrifice, it came to pass that the hereditary worship of the gods was being given up in Egypt. The Egyptians, therefore, were of opinion that they would obtain no alleviation of the evil unless they removed the people of foreign extraction." "The most distinguished of the expelled foreigners (from Egypt) followed DANAUS and Cadmus into Greece; but the greater number were led by Moses into Judea."
Herodotus tells us that the Lacedemonians (Spartans) were in his day the most "powerful" and "eminent" branch of the Dorian Greeks (1:55;1:66) and the most "learned" (4:76). They received their name from Dorus, son of Helen. Under Dorus they lived at the foot of Mount OLYMPUS, and some of them migrating, became known as MACEDNI. Lycurgus brought their laws from CRETE (1:65). "the chiefs of the Dorians are really genuine EGYPTIANS" (6:53) They wore a "linen tunic with a FRINGE hanging round the legs" (cp. Deut.22:11-12) and their religious customs forbid wearing "WOOL in the temple" (2:80) (cp. Ez. 44:17). They have no dealings with STRANGERS (1:63) (Deut. 7:1-6). The Lacedaemonians were KINDRED with the "house of Heracles in Sparta" (8:115) who was Hercules or SAMSON the DANITE. In 1 Maccabees 12:20-22 we read that the SPARTANS and JEWS are both ABRAHAM'S children. Josephus repeats this quote and adds an important detail: "Areus, King of the Lacedemonians, to Onias, sendeth greeting ... we have discovered that both the JEWS and the Lacedemonians (SPARTANS) are of one stock, and are derived from the kindred of ABRAHAM ... This letter is four-square; and the seal is an EAGLE, with a DRAGON in his claws" (Ant.12:4:10). That is the tribal emblem of DAN! Spartans were DANITE. Also in Josephus' Antiquities 14:10:22 we read that the ancestors of the city of PERGAMUS were always FRIENDS to the JEWS even in the time of Abraham (see also Ant.13:5:8 & Wars 1:26:1).
Ancient Hebrew and Chaldee authorities say that "DAN bore on his standard a crowned serpent or basilisk held in the claws of an eagle" (Mazzaroth 41). " Colonel Gawler says "DANAUS ... was said to be the son of Belus, sometimes spelt Bela, which strongly resembles BILHAH" (Gen.30:4,6).
Eldad Hadani, a classic 10th century A.D. Jewish historian, says, "In Jeroboam's day DAN refused to shed his brother's blood; and rather than go to war with Judah he left the country and went in a body to Greece and to Denmark." The History of Ireland by Moore says the Irish bards tell us that "The TUATHA de DANAAN ... after sojourning some time in Greece ... set sail for Ireland." The Psalter of Cashel confirms this by saying: "The TUATHA de DANAANS ruled in Ireland for about two centuries, and were highly skilled in architecture and other arts from their long residence in Greece, and their intercourse with the Phoenicians." Gladstone's 'Juventus Mundi' testifies that the TUATHA de DANAAN of Ireland came from the DANAI of Greece. Keating's History of Ireland, page 43, describes their invasion of Ireland but then adds that those "TUATHA de DANAANS" left in Greece "came to a resolution of quitting the country for fear of falling into the hands of the Assyrians; accordingly they set out, and wandered from place to place till they came to Norway and DENmark." "The JUTES and DANES of DENMARK took their names from the JEWS and DANITES (p.54, Vetus Chronicon Holsatiae), sons of ISRAEL. "Cyprus was called Ia-Dnan 'The Island of Dan(an).' The same people were called Danuna, and under this name they appear as rulers of the Plain of Adana in Cilicia" (p. 108, Cyrus Gordon's Before Columbus). Saxo Grammaticus also says these DANITES sailed to Scandinavia.
Israelites named towns in Palestine after "BAAL" such as Baal-meon, Baal-gad, Baal-ath, Baal-shalisha, Baal-tamar, Baal-peor, Baal-hazor, Baal-zephon, Mt. Baala-ah and others. This same rare phenomenon is found in Ireland: Baal-y-Bai, Baal-y-gowan, Baal-y-Nahinsh, Baal-y-Castell, Baal-y-Moni, Baal-y-ner, Baal-y-Garai, Baal-y-nah, Baal-y-Con-El, Baal-y-Hy,Baal-y-Hull-Ish, Baal-Nah-Brach, Baal-Athi, Baal-Dagon, etc. proving that Israelites emigrated to Ireland.
Why Don't the English and the Irish Get Along?
There are five main peoples who have inhabited IRELAND. So, let us see who the first Irish settlers were.
1.) The FIRBOLG
“The races that occupied the land when the so-called Milesians came, chiefly the Firbolg and the Tuatha de Danaan, were certainly not exterminated by the conquering Milesians” (The Story of the Irish Race, Seumas MacManus, p. 1).
The 3,500-year history of the Irish people is one of the most well-preserved accounts, because it was conveyed from one generation to the next by the bards and storytellers. The ancient records were not recorded in books of writing that could be destroyed, but were instead passed down by the spoken word in long, rhyming verse. Not until the Four Masters, MacFirbis and Keating preserved the bards’ words in the 17th century did Ireland have an official written history.
The Firbolg probably arrived in the middle of the second millennium B.C. According to Keating, they were of the posterity of Magog, son of Japheth (History of Ireland, Irish Texts Society, Book I, p. 139). Some scholars believe these people may well have been associated with the seafaring Phoenicians (Feni) who were well known to have mined copper, lead, tin and gold in the British Isles. Irish gold is still a sought-after precious metal and new gold mines have recently been opened in Counties Tyrone and Wexford.
2.) The TUATHA DE DANAAN
In Judges 5:17, the Israelite judge Deborah (ca. 12th century bc) sang, “Why did Dan remain on ships?” The Danites were well known as seafarers along with their Phoenecian neighbours, sailing the Mediterranean and beyond the “pillars of Hercules” (Gibraltar) into the Atlantic Ocean and on to Britain and Ireland. Some suggest that they made their first migration from Egypt just before the Exodus (1446 B.C.) and that a second wave followed in 1213 B.C.
MacFirbis in the mid-17th century wrote that “everyone who is fair-haired, of large size, fond of music and horse riding, and practices the art of magic is of the Tuatha de Danaan descent” (History of Ireland, Thomas Kelly, p. 25).
3.) The MILESIANS
The next wave of migration arrived at the time of King Solomon (circa 1000 B.C.). Solomon’s lineage followed Pharez of the half-tribe of Judah (see Genesis 38:28–30); the other part of the tribe travelled to Asia Minor, becoming known as the Milesians (from the city of Miletus named after Mahol of Judah -- 1 Ki. 4:31). “They were possessed of a high degree of political unity, had a single king, and a wise and constant external policy” (MacManus, p. 7). The Milesians fought the de Danaans, routing them and killing their three kings. They soon established their own royal line and crowned their kings at Tara on the Lia Fail or Stone of Destiny.
The Milesians were later to settle mainly in the north. Their kings were named the Ard Righ (“High Kings” over the lesser kings of the many Irish tribes).
It is stated in very old copies of the "The Book of Invasions" (Irish), that the Milesians from Greece brought the Mosaic Law into Ireland. History records an amazing number of customs and laws introduced into Ireland by the Milesians that closely resemble the statutes and judgments given by Moses to the Israelites during their wilderness years (1446–1406 B.C.). Here are just a few:
“The stock borrowed from a noble… was returned at the end of seven years” (MacManus, p. 293; see Leviticus 25:1–10).
“The greater part of the tribal land was free for the use of all the people of the tribe” (ibid., p. 293; see Leviticus 25:34).
“The system in Ireland was something more like the patriarchal system of the east” (ibid., p. 294).
“‘No person’, says the law, ‘shall be oppressed in his difficulty’” (ibid., p. 294; see Leviticus 25:35).
“He [the priest or king] had to be without physical deficiency or deformity” (ibid., p. 295; see Leviticus 21:17–23).
Also the name SHELAGH is a popular Irish and Scottish name. Girls are also known as SHELAHS. The Irish are noted for their famous "IRISH LINEN" and this was a distinctive feature of this family. As 1 Chronicles 4:21 says, "The sons of Shelah, the son of Judah, were ER ... the families of the house that wrought FINE LINEN." In southwest Britain is the TAMARUS River.
5.) The SCOTS
Ireland was for centuries called Scotia. The name is derived from the Scyths. MacManus states, “They (the Gaels) came out of that vast undefined tract, called Scythia… They came to Ireland through Egypt, Crete and Spain” (ibid., p. 8). While in Egypt, Niul, grandson of Gael, married Scota, the Pharaoh’s daughter.
The very name “Gaul” is derived from Gael, these people whom the Greeks called Celts (Keltoi). This establishes the Irish as a Celtic nation, along with the Scots, Cornish, Bretons, Walloons (of Belgium) and Welsh. In fact, the French name for Wales is le Pays de Galles (the land of the Gauls). Celtic ancestry can also be traced to many of the Swiss, as well as the Celto-Iberians in Spain and the Galatians of the New Testament.
The Milesian Ard-Righ took the Lia Fail coronation stone with them to Argyl, Scotland in 478 A.D. and later to Scone. The English brought it to Westminster Abbey to crown most of their kings and queens. Many of the Scottish descendants returned in successive waves of migration to Ulster between 1605–1697, which has aggravated the Feni southern Irish to this day. (See "Who Are the Irish?" by Rod King, March-April 2014, Tomorrow's World)